The current protocol was not specifically
designed to improve isometric strength in the participants, but the improvement in isometric strength in our older participants was an additional benefit. We therefore hypothesise that complementary strength training to improve posturerelated muscle strength may be especially helpful in older people with low initial levels of knee isometric strength. Our findings are in accordance with other studies that have related balance and isometric strength (Cameron et al 2010). The findings suggest that monitoring leg strength could be important in determining further steps in progressive training protocols in persons with better baseline scores for strength, balance or fear of falling. Fear of falling is associated with physical performance elements such as balance and strength (Deshpande et al 2008). In our study, a substantial amount of the improvement in fear of falling selleck chemicals could be predicted by the initial dynamic balance and fear of falling of the participants. Participants with poor scores for these measures, particularly for dynamic balance, were the most likely to improve their fear of falling. Based on these results, Everolimus manufacturer it may be possible to predict which participants are most likely to respond positively after the intervention program. We acknowledge some limitations in this study. The clinical trial registration did not specify a single primary others outcome so the Falls Efficacy
Scale was nominated
post hoc. Many of the residents did not meet the inclusion criteria because they had additional health problems that prevented their inclusion in the study to avoid confounding variables or misinterpretations. As a result, we cannot be certain whether our findings can be extrapolated to all of the older institutionalised population. Similarly, the study population was restricted to institutionalised older people and therefore comparisons with older persons living in the community and even with those institutionalised in other residences should be made cautiously. In future studies, it will be important to analyse the extent to which our findings can be generalised to the broader older population and to determine whether the effects last beyond the end of the intervention period. Although we did not attain our calculated sample size, statistically significant results were identified on all outcomes, so the power was adequate to show that the effects observed are unlikely to be due to chance. However, the 95% CI around the effect on Falls Efficacy Scale International did not quite exclude the clinically important difference we nominated, although it would be enough to move typical patients in the experimental group from ‘high’ to ‘moderate’ concern category ( Delbaere et al 2010). This study investigated the efficacy of a balance training protocol designed to reduce fear of falling in institutionalised older people.