002) Faecal fat concentrations were increased post-DS vs obese (

002). Faecal fat concentrations were increased post-DS vs obese (p = 0.038) and RYGB (p = 0.024) and were also higher post-RYGB vs obese (p = 0.033). Urinary excretion of d-xylose and l-rhamnose was not different between the groups; however, lactulose/rhamnose ratio was elevated post-DS vs other groups (all p < 0.02), suggesting increased

intestinal permeability.

Conclusions Following RYGB, there are surprisingly 5-Fluoracil molecular weight few abnormalities or indications of severe malabsorption of fats or sugars. Small bowel adaptation after bariatric surgery may be key to understanding the mechanisms responsible for the beneficial metabolic effects of these operations.”
“A carotenoid aglycone Ag-NY1 was isolated from the orange coloured tubular calyx of flowers of Nyctanthes arbor-tristis. The elucidation of the structure through a detailed spectroscopic study revealed that the carotenoid molecule is crocetin, which is the major aglycone present in the stigma of Crocus sativus. The compound exhibited a good membrane stabilising activity as compared to the corresponding glycoside crocin.”
“Objective: Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy, the most common medical condition of pregnancy, affects up to 80% of all pregnancies to some extent, and hyperemesis gravidarum does less than 1% of pregnant women. When hyperemesis gravidarum induces diaphragmatic tear, diagnosis can be missed because of nonspecific presentation with abdominal pain,

nausea and vomiting. Methods: We reported a pregnant case suffering from intractable vomiting at the beginning of the second trimester (the 13th week of Protein Tyrosine Kinase inhibitor gestation) with delayed diagnosis of diaphragmatic tearing. Results: The patient was misdiagnosed initially, which delayed the surgical intervention and unnecessary abortion. Conclusion: It is worthwhile considering the maternal diaphragmatic

cause as an unusual one of refractory vomiting C188-9 supplier accompanied by clinically significant progressive epigastric pain, distension and respiratory embarrassment.”
“Background Studies have shown that obesity is associated with venous flow disturbances that lead to changes of the biomechanical forces on the venous wall known as shear stress. We hypothesized that weight loss due to bariatric surgery affects the venous hemodynamics and biomechanical forces on the venous wall. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) on the wall shear stress (WSS) and the venous hemodynamics of the femoral vein.

Methods We studied ten morbidly obese patients who underwent LSG. We investigated venous hemodynamics before, 6 and 12 months after LSG. The femoral vein diameter, cross-sectional area, peak (PeakV) and maximum (TA(max)) velocities, WSS, and shear rate (SR) were assessed.

Results PeakV and TA(max) were significantly lower in the obese patients compared with the control group. WSS and SR were significantly lower in the obese patients compared with the control subjects.

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