01) In conclusion, neurological deteriorations of diabetic rats

01). In conclusion, neurological deteriorations of diabetic rats were alleviated with PGE1, which is associated with inhibition of NGF and enhancement of VEGF at the entrapment site. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Microsurgery 34:568–575, 2014. “
“Medicinal leech therapy (MLT) to salvage venous congestion in native skin and local flaps is commonly practiced. However, the role of MLT in compromised regional and free flaps remains unclear. Leeches were used in 39 patients to treat venous congestion in native skin (n = 5), local flaps (n = 6), regional flaps (n

= 14), and free flaps (n = 14). There were no total losses in patients with compromised native skin or local flaps. One patient who had received a radial forearm RAD001 mouse free flap expired before flap outcome could be assessed, and was excluded from analysis. Of the remaining 27 regional and free flaps, 33.3% were salvaged, 33.3% were partially salvaged, and 33.3% were lost. Means of 38.3 ± 34.0, 101.0 ± 11.2, selleck compound and 157.9 ± 224.4 leeches and 1.7 ± 3.6, 3.2 ± 4.4, and 5.6 ± 5.2 units of blood were required for the salvaged, partially salvaged, and lost groups, respectively. Twenty-two patients required blood transfusion (57.9%). No patients developed wound infection with Aeromonas hydrophilia. Two patients developed donor site hematomas, and four patients developed recipient site hematomas. MLT is efficacious in congested native

skin and local flaps. Some regional and free flaps can be totally orpartially salvaged. However, the morbidity of MLT must be weighed against the risks of flap loss. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Microsurgery, Tenofovir concentration 2012. “
“The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of direct administration of nerve growth factor (NGF) into an epineural

conduit across a short nerve gap (10 mm) in a rabbit sciatic nerve model. The animals were divided into two groups. In group 1, n = 6, a 10-mm defect was created in the sciatic nerve and bridged with an epineural flap. A dose of 1 μg of NGF was locally administered daily for the first 21 days. NGF administration was made inside the epineural flap using a silicone reservoir connected to a silicone tube. In group 2, n = 6, the 10-mm defect was bridged with a nerve graft. This group did not receive any further treatment. At 13 weeks, all animals, before euthanasia, underwent electromyography (EMG) studies and then specimen sent for histology morphometric analysis. NGF administration ensured a significantly increased average number of myelinated axons per μm2 (P = 0.028) and promoted fiber maturation (P = 0.031) and better EMG results (P = 0.046 for latency P = 0.048 for amplitude), compared with the control group. Although nerve grafts remain the gold standard for peripheral nerve repair, NGF-treated epineural conduits represent a good alternative, particularly when an unfavorable environment for nerve grafts is present. © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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