, 1970) This is due to the presence of carbon–nitrogen double bo

, 1970). This is due to the presence of carbon–nitrogen double bond having potential receptor-binding ability. Schiff bases are also one of the intensively investigated classes of aromatic and heteroaromatic compounds. This class of compounds showed a variety of applications ranging from anticancer (Sharma et al., 1998; Kuzmin et al., 2005), antibacterial (More et al., 2002; Vaghasiya et al., 2004), diuretic (Supran et al., 1996), antifungal (Manrao

et al., 1982, 1995, 2001) and antiparasitic activity (Rathelot et al., 2002). They have also medicinal importance and are used in drug design due to their activity against a wide range of organisms (Khan et al., 2002; Verma et al., 2004). Schiff bases are used as substrates in the preparation of a number of industrially and biologically GANT61 molecular weight active compounds via closure, cycloaddition Bucladesine and replacement reactions (Taggi et al., 2002). Sulphonamides are a significant class of compounds in medicinal and pharmaceutical chemistry with several biological applications (Tilles, 2001; Slatore and Tilles, 2004; Brackett et al., 2004; Harrison, 1994; Eroglu, 2008). There are many connections between carbonic anhydrase (CA) and cancer (Supuran, 2008; Supuran and Scozzafava, 2000; Pastorek et al., 1994; Pastorekova et al., 1997; Chegwidden et al.,

2001). It is well known that some CA isozymes are predominantly found in cancer cells and are lacking from their normal GM6001 cost counterparts (Pastorek et al., 1994; Pastorekova et al., 1997; Chegwidden et al., 2001), and these are two transmembrane isozymes CA IX and CA XII. Isozyme CA XIV was the last one to be discovered among the 15 CA isoforms of this widespread

metalloprotein known up to now in human (Supuran et al., 2004). Kaunisto et al. (2002) and Parkkila et al., (2001, 2002) revealed CA XIV distribution in the human body as well as potential physiological/pathological roles. It has been observed that hCA XIV is highly abundant in the brain, kidney, colon, small intestine, urinary bladder, liver and spinal cord (Kaunisto et al., 2002; Parkkila et Adenosine triphosphate al., 2001, 2002; Fujikawa-Adachi et al., 1999; Ashida et al., 2002). Similar to isozymes CA IX and CA XII, CA XIV is a transmembrane protein with the active site oriented extracellularly, but unlike the first two proteins, isozyme XIV is not associated with tumour cells (Pastorek et al., 1994; Kaunisto et al., 2002; Parkkila et al., 2001, 2002; Ashida et al., 2002). Membrane-associated human carbonic anhydrase (hCAs) isozymes IX, XII and XIV (Fujikawa-Adachi et al., 1999; Tureci et al., 1998) like other hCAs regulate pH and carbon dioxide (CO2)–bicarbonate anion (HCO3) homoeostasis, through the catalysis of the reversible hydration of CO2 to give HCO3 and proton (Hþ).

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