21 Broadly, the goal of this effort has been to identify “endophe

21 Broadly, the goal of this effort has been to identify “endophenotypes” or to uncover basic mechanisms that underlie psychiatric conditions, and that would provide potential targets for biomedical treatments.20 Social neuroscience has proven effective in eliciting general cognitive and neural mechanisms involved in processing “socially relevant” material. Nonetheless, well-controlled

Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical laboratory procedures are most often devoid of personal relevance for the examined participants. This limits the specificity of the emotional resonance (and thus the self-relevance) of the experimental results.22 The current social cognitive approach leaves self, self-awareness, and inter-subjectivity unaccounted for in the background where they (as self-image and self-esteem) influence perception, memory, and other cognitive processes concerning socially relevant Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical interactions.14,15,23 We argue that a mature social cognitive neuroscience aimed at having fundamental relevance to psychiatry should therefore not deliberately choose to ignore it for methodological and epistemological convenience. There is a fundamental gap between the type of phenomena currently studied and the type of psychological

models that would be necessary to understand and approach human social cognition. The Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical knowledge accumulated by general cognitive and social neuroscience and its application to psychiatry, while representing progress, remains inadequate to address the challenges faced by psychiatry or more generally by any field striving to understand human psychology and psychopathology. Relevant levels of integration such as self-awareness and inter-subjectivity Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical still escape Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical the reach of biomedical science, and integrating such levels into research will be a challenge. Models integrating social cognition with aspects of the self and psychopathology have been proposed for brain damage occurring during developmental ages.24 Yet, it will

be essential to invest in research and clinical practice seeking a more comprehensive Dichloromethane dehalogenase understanding of the levels of representation and mechanisms at stake in human social cognition as it relates to psychopathology, including in individuals without gross brain damage. We argue that no satisfactory understanding of human social cognition and psychopathology will be possible without making www.selleckchem.com/products/Trichostatin-A.html psychological constructs such as the self, self-awareness, and more generally consciousness, the unconscious and inter-subjectivity integral to (formal) models of social cognitive neuroscience. It will be essential to understand how the self, as a socially laden system, structures its relationships to the categories of self and otherness, in the context of the processes that are central to the making of human identity, representations and coping strategies, throughout development.

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