[27] For the toxin-neutralization

[27]. For the toxin-neutralization Dabrafenib cost assay, 20 pg/mL of EHEC-derived Stx2 was preincubated with an equal volume of 100-fold diluted sera from mice immunized with mStx2-His or PBS for 1 hr at 37°C. For the in vivo assays, each Stx2-His was serially diluted with PBS and 0.5 mL of each dilution injected

intraperitoneally into at least five female ICR mice (6 weeks of age, Japan SLC, Hamamatsu, Japan). The animals were observed for 1 week and their deaths were recorded. The MLD was calculated from the dilution that killed all animals. Ten micrograms of mStx2-His containing 0.05% (w/v) of aluminum hydroxide (which has been clinically used as an adjuvant) in 0.2 mL of PBS was injected s.c. twice at a 2-week interval into 25 female ICR mice (6 weeks of age). For a control group, PBS containing 0.05% (w/v) of aluminum hydroxide was injected into five mice instead of

mStx2-His. Two weeks after the secondary immunization, the animals were tail bled to determine the specific serum antibody titer by ELISA. The mice immunized with mStx2-His were then divided into three groups that were intraperitoneally challenged with a 10-, 100-, or 1000-fold lethal doses of Stx2-His and their survivability was monitored for 1 week. All animal experiments were conducted according to the Guidelines for the Management of Laboratory Animals at Fujita Health University. Flat-bottom, 96-well plates were coated with 1 μg/100 μL of Stx2-His overnight at 4°C. After washing the plates three times with T-PBS, each well was blocked see more using 200 μL of S-PBS for 1.5 hr at 37°C. After washing the plates three times, 100 μL of immunized or untreated (normal) mice sera serially diluted with S-PBS was added to the plates and incubated for 1 hr at 37°C. The plates were washed three times and incubated with 100 μL of HRP-conjugated anti-mouse IgG goat Immunoglobulin (Jackson ImmunoResearch, West Grove, PA, USA) for 1 hr at 37°C. After washing the plates,

the wells were reacted with 100 μL of citrate buffer (pH 5.0) containing 0.04% (w/v) o-phenylenediamine and 0.02% (v/v) hydrogen peroxide for 30 min at 37°C. The reaction was stopped by the addition of 100 μL of 1 M H2SO4 and the absorbance measured Tolmetin at 492 nm using a microplate reader (Tecan, Mannedorf, Switzerland). The absorbance value for each sample was compared with that of normal serum at the same dilution, and the antibody titer was determined as a reciprocal of the highest dilution with the lowest positive difference of the 1.5 × absorbance value of normal serum subtracted from the 1 × absorbance value of each sample. Cell lysates from transformants were prepared using previously described methods [25]. The sample proteins were resolved on a 15% polyacrylamide gel. The gel was stained with CBB-R250 or electroblotted onto a PVDF membrane using the iBlot gel transfer system (Invitrogen).

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