After root

canal treatment (RCT), patients completed a 10

After root

canal treatment (RCT), patients completed a 10-cm visual analogue scale (VAS) that ranked the level of pain. Results were analysed statistically using the Chi-square and ANOVA Vorasidenib tests and logistic regression analysis.

Results: The mean pain level during root canal treatment was 2.9 +/- 3.0 (median = 2) in a VAS between 0 and 10. Forty percent of patients experienced no pain. Gender, age, arch, previous NSAIDs or AB treatment and anaesthetic type did not influence significantly the pain level (p > 0.05). Pain during root canal treatment was significantly greater in molar teeth (OR = 10.1; 95% C.I. = 1.6 – 63.5; p = 0.013). Root canal instrumentation and obturation techniques did not affect significantly patient’s pain during root canal treatment (p > 0.05).

Conclusion: Patients feel more pain when RCT is carried out on molar teeth. The root canal instrumentation and obturation techniques do not affect significantly the patients’ pain during RCT.”
“Objective: The reported mortality reduction of emergency endovascular aneurysm repair (eEVAR) compared Vactosertib with open repair in patients with a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA), as observed in observational studies, might be flawed by selection bias based on anatomical suitability for eEVAR. In the present study, we compared mortality in EVAR suitable versus non-EVAR-suitable patients with

a ruptured AAA who were all treated with conventional open repair.

Materials and Methods: In all patients presenting with a suspected rAAA, computed tomography angiography (CTA) scanning was performed. All consecutive patients with a confirmed rAAA on preoperative CTA scan and Tozasertib concentration treated with open repair between April 2002 and April 2008 were included. Anatomical suitability for eEVAR was determined by two blinded independent reviewers. Outcomes evaluated were mortality (intra-operative, 30-day, and 6-month), morbidity, complications requiring re-intervention and length of hospital stay.

Results: A total of 107 consecutive patients presented with a rAAA and underwent preoperative CTA scanning. In 25 patients,

eEVAR was performed. In the 82 patients who underwent open repair, CIA showed an EVAR-suitable rAAA in 33 patients (41.8%) and a non-EVAR-suitable rAAA in 49 patients. Thirty-day and 6-month mortality rate was 15/33 (45.5%; 95% confidence interval (Cl) 28.1-63.7) and 18/33 (54.5%; 95% CI 36.4-71.9) in the EVAR-suitable group versus 24/49 (49.0%; 95% CI 34.4-63.7) (P = 0.75) and 29/49 (59.2%; 95% CI 44.2-73.0) (P = 0.68) in the non-EVAR-suitable group, respectively.

Conclusions: The present study suggests that anatomical suitability for EVAR is not associated with lower early and midterm mortality in patients treated with open ruptured AAA repair. Therefore, the reported reduction in mortality between eEVAR and open repair is unlikely due to selection bias based on anatomical AAA configuration. (C) 2011 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

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