As reported before , we can expect that the bands around the Fermi level would degenerate with increasing of N. In the model C nanoribbons, the band structure within DFT shows the flat bands around the Fermi level, but they are not degenerate. It should be noted that electron-hole symmetry is broken in the model C nanoribbons and atoms are not arranged as B-C-N-C along the zigzag lines. On the other hand, the band structures within TB model
do not have the flat bands at E = 0. While such prominent bands are not described well, we can see the correspondence between the result within DFT and that of TB model for E B/t = 1.3. Due to the relation E N = −E B, the positive energy www.selleckchem.com/products/Y-27632.html states of the model C becomes negative in model D, vice versa. Therefore, we can find similar effect to model C in the band structures, i.e., the band structure ML323 within TB model of E B/t = 1.3 is similar to that of DFT except around the Fermi level. We tried to describe the band structure of models C and D using TB model by introducing the extra site energies at the edges. In this study, we added E B/2 at the outermost N atoms for the model C nanoribbon and −E B/2 at the outermost B atoms for the model D nanoribbon, because such prescription found to show the relatively good performance. The results for E B/t = 1.3
are shown in Figure 2c(image iv), d(image iv) by the blue dotted lines. The energy bands around E = 0 in the vicinity of the Γ are shifted upward (downward) stiripentol by the prescriptions for model C (D), showing that the band structures became much similar to those within DFT. Previously, Xu et al. reported the band structure within DFT calculations of BC2N nanoribbons where the atoms are arranged as C-B-N-C in the transverse direction, as shown in Figure 3a . We shall call these nanoribbons as model E. They obtained the 17DMAG ic50 linear dispersion crossing at the Fermi level, as shown in Figure 3b(image i), while the band structure is a semiconducting within TB model, as shown in the
red curves of Figure 3b(image ii). In this case, we added E B/2 (−E B/2) for the outermost C atoms connected with B (N) atoms. As the results, we could produce the linear dispersion for these nanoribbons as indicated in the blue dashed curves in Figure 3b(image ii). It should be emphasized that all the improved cases have the edge character. Therefore, this prescription works well if the target band keeps the edge character. Figure 3 Model E BC 2 N nanoribbon. (a) Schematic illustration of model E BC2N nanoribbon. (b) Calculated band structure of model E BC2N nanoribbon shown in (a) within DFT (i) and TB model for E B/t = 1.3 (ii). The prescription does not work for several BC2N nanoribbons. As an example, we shall consider the BC2N nanoribbon shown in Figure 4a, which was introducedin  as BB-CC model. Here, we shall call the nanoribbons as model F.