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have potential application e.g. in medicine as prevention of creation of bacterial biofilm. Microbs Environ 2009, 24:39–42. 10.1264/jsme2.ME08538CrossRef Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Authors’ contributions AR carried out the AFM analysis, evaluated the surface morphology and roughness, and wrote and designed the study. ZN analyzed the chemical Erlotinib and optical properties of AgNPs and silver-grafted PET. ZK performed zeta potential measurement. VS participated in the study coordination and paper correction. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.”
“Background The molecular imaging (MI) of tumors has recently gained widespread use [1–4] due to its ability to facilitate quantitative and
repetitive imaging of targeted molecules and biological processes in living organisms [2, 5, 6]. Contrast agents are generally required for Abiraterone datasheet high-quality MI diagnosis. Advances in nanotechnology enable the development of various nanoparticles (NPs) as contrast agents for effective MI in the diagnosis or analysis of diseases. Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) are a promising form of imaging probe that can accumulated in cells and generate a strong magnetic resonance (MR) imaging contrast in T2- or T2*-weighted images . To date, SPIONs have been used to investigate several pathophysiological processes in tumor cells [8, 9], transplanted cells [1, 7, 10], or precursor cells in vivo[11–13]. SPION probes are generally comprised of superparamagnetic iron oxide cores of magnetite or maghemite NPs encased in various coatings. Cellular uptake of SPIONs may be achieved by phagocytosis, macropinocytosis, or receptor-mediated endocytosis [2, 14, 15].