Sixty children (31 males, 29 females), born in 1989-1995, were ev

Sixty children (31 males, 29 females), born in 1989-1995, were evaluated from June 2006 to May 2007. Ultrasound of the bladder and the upper urinary tract was performed in all patients. Surgical and pharmacological intervention, bowel function, faecal and urinary continence were registered. Renal function was assessed by <SU51</SUCr-EDTA and/or MAG-3 scintigraphy in patients who had previously experienced affected renal function or presented with deteriorated bladder function. Results. Two children died during follow-up. In total, 47 urological procedures were performed in 23 patients. The most frequently conducted procedures were appendicovesicostomy (n = 11) and autoaugmentation

Sapanisertib order (n = 11). Fourteen patients underwent untethering procedures, resulting in improved bladder function in five patients; nine were unaltered. Five patients had a moderate and two a severe decrease in glomerular filtration rate. Eighty-one per cent were performing clean intermittent catheterization, starting at a median age of 3.6 years. Anticholinergics were used in 50%. Sixty-two per cent were totally urine continent, 22% used incontinence Selleckchem CA4P pads in case of leakage and 16% were urine incontinent. Two patients had Malone procedures; 29% were using trans-anal irrigation. Eighty-three per cent were totally

faecal continent. Conclusion. Close follow-up and appropriate intervention have improved renal function in children with congenital spinal malformation, but renal deterioration remains a risk. Total faecal and urinary continence could be achieved in 81% and 62%, respectively.”
“Objectives: To describe the epidemiological profile, risk behaviors, and the prior history of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in women living with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).

Methods: Cross-sectional study, performed at the Centro de Referencia e Treinamento em DST/AIDS of Sao Paulo. The social, demographic, behavioral, and clinical data such as age,

schooling, marital status, age at first sexual intercourse, number of sexual partners, parity, use of drugs, time of HIV diagnosis, CD4 count, and viral load determination were abstracted from the medical records of women living with AIDS who had gynecological consultation scheduled in the period from June 2008 to May 2009.

Results: Out of 710 women who were scheduled to SN-38 concentration a gynecological consultation during the period of the study, 598 were included. Previous STD was documented for 364 (60.9%; 95% CI: 56.9%-64.8%) women. The associated factors with previous STDs and their respective risks were: human development index (HDI) <0.50 (ORaj = 5.5; 95% CI: 2.8-11.0); non-white race (ORaj = 5.2; 95% CI: 2.5-11.0); first sexual intercourse at or before 15 years of age (ORaj = 4.4; 95% CI: 2.3-8.3); HIV infection follow-up time of nine years or more (ORaj = 4.2; 95% CI: 2.3-7.8)]; number of sexual partners during the entire life between three and five partners (ORaj = 2.2; 95% CI: 1.1-4.

Animals-1,179 crossbred beef bull (n = 588) and steer (591) calve

Animals-1,179 crossbred beef bull (n = 588) and steer (591) calves included in 4 experiments at 2 University of Arkansas research facilities.

Procedures-Calves underwent processing and treatments in accordance with the experiment in which they were enrolled. Castration statu and values of CBC variables were determined at the time of arrival at the facilities. Calves were monitored to detect signs of BRD during a 42-day period.

Results-The areas

under the receiving operator Selleckchem Sonidegib characteristic curves for CBC variables with significant contrast test results ranged from 0.51 (neutrophil count) to 0.67 (eosinophil count), indicating they were limited predictors of BRD in calves. The only CBC variables that had significant associations with BRD in calves as determined via multivariable logistic regression analysis were eosinophil and RBC counts. The odds of BRD for bulls were 3.32 times the odds of BRD for steers.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-Results of this study indicated that low eosinophil and high RBC counts in blood samples may be useful for identification of calves with a high risk for development of BRD. Further research may be warranted to LCL161 cost validate these variables for prediction of BRD in calves. Calves that were bulls at the time of arrival had a higher risk of BIRD, versus calves that were steers at that time.”
“Epigenetic marking on genes can determine whether or not genes

are expressed. Epigenetic regulation is mediated by the addition of methyl groups to DNA cytosine bases, of methyl and acetyl groups to proteins (histones) around which DNA is wrapped, and by small interfering Buparlisib molecular weight RNA molecules. Some components of epigenetic regulation have evolved to permit control of whether maternal or paternal genes are expressed. The epigenetic imprinting of IGF2 expression is an example of maternal

and paternal epigenetic marking that modulates fetal growth and fetal size. However, epigenetic regulation also permits the fetus and the infant to adapt gene expression to the environment in which it is growing; sometimes when this adjustment goes awry, the risk of chronic disease is increased. Recent progress in the understanding of nutritional influences on epigenetics suggests that nutrients that are part of methyl-group metabolism can significantly influence epigenetics. During critical periods in development, dietary methyl-group intake (choline, methionine, and folate) can alter DNA and histone methylation, which results in lifelong changes in gene expression. In rodent models, pregnant dams that were fed diets high in methionine, folic acid, and choline produced offspring with different coat colors or with kinked tails. A number of syndromes in humans can be caused by defective epigenetic regulation, including Rett syndrome. There are interesting examples of the effects of nutrition in early life that result in altered health in adults, and some of these could be the result of altered epigenetic regulation of gene expression.

5% of patients Continence was more likely in patients with an in

5% of patients. Continence was more likely in patients with an intact urethra, an upper or midvaginal fistula, and less fibrosis

than in those patients who remained wet.

Conclusions Two thirds of patients with obstetric fistulas can be cured, with complete restoration of continence and low surgical morbidity, using a transvaginal surgical approach.”
“Background: Welders are at increased risk of pulmonary infection and lobar pneumonia, likely due to significant occupational exposure to metal fumes. We hypothesized Ubiquitin inhibitor that welders would be at increased risk for invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) compared to the general population.

Methods: A retrospective chart review of all patients with IPD in the province of Alberta, Canada (population approx. 3.3 million) was conducted from 2000 to 2004 to study the epidemiology of IPD.

Results: There were 18 cases identified in welders, giving an attack rate of 22.7 cases per 100 000 population per year (95% confidence interval (CI) 12.23-33.23). Compared with an attack rate of 8.7 cases per 100 000 population per year (95% CI 8.10-9.26) for the general adult population between ages 18 and 65 years, there was a 2.7-fold greater incidence of IPD in welders (95% CI 1.67-4.22, p < 0.001). There was an increased prevalence of serotypes

4 and 8 compared to the general population. Eight of 18 cases were caused by serotypes in the 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, 11 of 18 cases by selleckchem serotypes in the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, and 18 of 18 cases by serotypes in the 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine. Seventeen patients had bacteremic

pneumococcal this website pneumonia and one had meningitis; one person died due to infection. Fifteen of 18 patients were either current or former smokers, which was a higher rate than the general population adjusted for age and gender (odds ratio 2.976, 95% CI 0.908-9.729, p = 0.084).

Conclusions: Welders, particularly those who smoke, are at increased risk of IPD and should be considered for routine administration of the pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine. Ongoing workplace measures to reduce exposure to metal fumes and promote smoking cessation should be reinforced. (C) 2010 International Society for Infectious Diseases. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“The accumulation of the pathogenesis-related (PR) proteins beta-1,3-glucanase and chitinase and structural defence responses were studied in leaves of wheat either resistant or susceptible to the hemibiotrophic pathogen Septoria tritici. Resistance was associated with an early accumulation of beta-1,3-glucanase and chitinase transcripts followed by a subsequent reduction in level.

Conclusion: IP urokinase

Conclusion: IP urokinase buy Vactosertib and oral rifampicin in addition to conventional antibiotics resulted in a catheter salvage rate of 64% in persisting asymptomatic dialysate infection following a CoNS peritonitis. Larger studies are needed to confirm these results. In CoNS peritonitis, dialysate cultures should be repeated, even after clearing of the dialysate, to avoid missing persisting asymptomatic infection.”
“Background: Smoking and bronchodilator treatment are both extensively studied as key elements in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. However, little is known about whether or not these elements interact in terms of developing cardiovascular diseases in patients with COPD. Objectives: To

explore to what selleck chemicals llc extent the risk of developing ischemic cardiovascular disease in COPD patients is mediated by smoking status, use of bronchodilators and specifically-their interaction. Methods: We performed an observational pilot study on a relatively healthy Dutch COPD cohort from a primary care diagnostic center database with full information on spirometry tests, smoking status, bronchodilator use and other prescribed medication. We defined first ischemic cardiovascular events as primary outcome, measured by first prescription of antiplatelet drugs and/or nitrates. Unadjusted

analyses by Kaplan-Meier were followed by adjusted Cox’ proportional hazards. Results: 845 COPD patients, totaling 2,169 observation years, were included in the analyses. We observed an increased risk for nonfatal ischemic cardiovascular events by smoking (adjusted HR = 3.58, p = 0.001) and a protective effect of bronchodilators (adjusted HR = 0.43, p = 0.01). Although the protective effect of bronchodilators appears to be substantially minimized in patients that persist in smoking, we could not statistically confirm a hazardous interaction between bronchodilators and smoking (HR 2.50, p = 0.21). Conclusion: Our study reveals bronchodilators may protect from ischemic cardiovascular

events in a relatively ‘healthy’ COPD population. We did not confirm a hazardous interaction between bronchodilators and smoking, although we observed current smokers benefit substantially less from the protective effect of bronchodilators. Copyright Selisistat solubility dmso (C) 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel”
“Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) administered in the acute stage of Kawasaki disease (KD) is the standard therapy. Few reports describe nonresponders to initial treatment with IVIG in KD, which remains the most consistent risk factor for coronary artery lesions (CALs). This study aimed to investigate whether the serum level of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) can be a predictive indicator for identifying patients with KD at higher risk of IVIG treatment failure. In this study, 135 patients with a diagnosis of KD admitted for IVIG treatment were retrospectively enrolled for analysis.

DFP has

DFP has Alvocidib mw been shown to remove myocardial iron effectively. Curcuminoids (CUR) can chelate plasma NTBI, inhibit lipid peroxidation and alleviate cardiac autonomic imbalance. Effects of CUR on cardiac iron deposition and function were investigated in iron-loaded mice. Wild type ((mu)beta(+/+); WT) and heterozygous beta-knockout ((mu)beta(th-3/+); BKO) mice (C57BL/6) were fed with ferrocene-supplemented diet (Fe diet) and coincidently intervened with CUR and DFP for 2 months. Concentrations of plasma NTBI and malondialdehyde (MDA) were measured using HPLC techniques. Heart iron concentration was determined based on atomic absorption spectrophotometry and Perl’s

staining methods. Short-term electrocardiogram (ECG) was recorded with AD Instruments Power Lab, and heart rate variability (HRV) was evaluated using MATLAB 7.0 program. Fe diet increased levels of NTBI and MDA in plasma, nonheme iron and iron deposit in heart tissue significantly, and depressed the HRV, which the levels were higher PF-6463922 in vivo in the BKO mice than the WT mice. CUR and DFP treatments lowered plasma NTBI as well as MDA concentrations (p <0.05), heart iron accumulation effectively, and also improved the HRV in the treated mice. The results

imply that CUR would be effective in decreasing plasma NTBI and myocardial iron, alleviating lipid peroxidation and improving cardiac function in iron-loaded thalassemic mice.”
“P>Fluorescent tagging of proteins and confocal imaging techniques have become methods of choice in analysing the distributions and dynamic characteristics of

proteins at the subcellular level. In common use are a number of strategies for transient expression that greatly reduce the preparation time in advance of imaging, but their applications are limited in success outside a few tractable species and tissues. We previously developed a simple method to transiently express fluorescently-tagged proteins in Arabidopsis root epidermis and root hairs. We describe here a set of find protocol Gateway-compatable vectors with fluorescent tags incorporating the ubiqutin-10 gene promoter (P(UBQ10)) of Arabidopsis that gives prolonged expression of the fluorescently-tagged proteins, both in tobacco and Arabidopsis tissues, after transient transformation, and is equally useful in generating stably transformed lines. As a proof of principle, we carried out transformations with fluorescent markers for the integral plasma membrane protein SYP121, a member of the SNARE family of vesicle-trafficking proteins, and for DHAR1, a cytosolic protein that facilitates the scavenging of reactive oxygen species. We also carried out transformations with SYP121 and its interacting partner, the KC1 K+ channel, to demonstrate the utility of the methods in bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC).

“Rapid detection kits for toxin A/B in feces are widely

“Rapid detection kits for toxin A/B in feces are widely GSK1904529A clinical trial used as a diagnostic tool for Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). Their low sensitivity, however,

has been considered a problem. In this study, we evaluated a new rapid diagnostic kit for simultaneous detection of the glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) antigen and toxin A/B, C. DIFF QUIK CHEK COMPLETE. A total of 60 stool specimens from 60 patients with antibiotic-associated diarrhea were examined. Using C. difficile culture as the reference method, the GDH portion of this kit indicated a sensitivity, specificity, and negative predictive value of 100, 93.3, and 100%, respectively. The toxin A/B portion showed a sensitivity and specificity of 78.6 and 96.9%, respectively, compared to the culture results of toxin B-positive C. difficile (toxigenic culture). Of the 23 specimens that showed “”dual positives”" for GDH and toxin A/B, 22 were toxigenic culture positive, whereas C. difficile culture was negative in all the 28 specimens that showed “”dual negatives”" for GDH and toxin A/B. Of the nine “”GDH-positive and toxin A/B-negative”" specimens, six exhibited positive results by toxigenic culture. Results showing “”dual positives”" and “”dual negatives”" for GDH

and toxin A/B can be reported as “”true positive”" and “”true negative,”" respectively, whereas additional testing for confirmation, such as toxigenic culture, is required for specimens with discrepant results. Diagnostic algorithms, utilizing the simultaneous find protocol detection kit for GDH and toxin A/B as an initial screening test, may be useful for accurate and efficient diagnosis of CDI as well as the control of healthcare-associated infections.”
“Metformin is a kind of oral hypoglycemic agents commonly prescribed to patients with diabetes mellitus. Although past

studies had proven its protective effect on cardiovascular risk and related mortality, the evidence of metformin on stroke prevention was still insufficient and conflicting. Our study randomly selected 14,856 patients with diabetes from the database provided by the Taiwan National Health Research Institute, and 2 cohorts were formulated according to whether metformin was in the prescription record. All cases were followed up for 4 years to track their stroke incidence. As a result, 701 (17.5%) of 3999 diabetic patients had stroke without metformin use, whereas 994 (9.2%) of 10,857 patients had stroke with metformin use. Cox proportional hazard regressions showed that the stroke hazard ratio (HR) of metformin was .383. After adjustment for the patients’ age, gender, hypertension, atrial fibrillation, hyperlipidemia, coronary artery disease, and medications including antiplate-lets, coumadin, statin, and estrogen use, the HR was still .468. Further stratified analysis revealed that metformin had more protective effect in the patients with higher risk of stroke.

Methods: The BC3 monoclonal antibody that detects the ARCS neoepi

Methods: The BC3 monoclonal antibody that detects the ARCS neoepitope sequence in aggrecanase-cleaved aggrecan was engineered and optimized using complementarity determining region (CDR)-saturation mutagenesis find more to improve its binding affinity to the neoepitope. A sandwich ELISA (BC3-C2 ELISA) was developed using the optimized ct-ARGS antibody (BC3-C2) as capture antibody and a commercially available antibody directed against the hyaluronic-acid binding region (HABR) of aggrecan as detection antibody. Aggrecanase-cleaved fragments of aggrecan present in in vitro digests, human cartilage explant culture supernatants and in human synovial

fluid, serum and urine were detected and quantified

using this ELISA.

Results: The optimized antibody had a 4-log improvement in affinity for the ARGS containing peptide compared to the parental BC3 antibody, while maintaining the ability to not cross-react with a spanning peptide. The BC3-C2 ELISA demonstrated the ability to detect aggrecanase-cleaved aggrecan fragments in the native state, without the need for deglycosylation. This ELISA was able to measure aggrecanase-generated ARCS containing aggrecan fragments in human articular cartilage (HAC) explant cultures in the basal state (without cytokine stimulation). Treatment with an aggrecanase inhibitor resulted in a dose-dependent inhibition of ARCS neoepitope released into the culture supernatant. The ELISA assay also enabled the detection of ARCS containing fragments in human synovial fluid, serum and urine, suggesting its potential utility as a biomarker of aggrecanase activity.

Conclusions: We have developed a novel ELISA using an optimized ARCS antibody and have demonstrated for the first time, an ELISA-based EPZ-6438 research buy measurement of aggrecan degradation products in human serum and urine. This assay has the potential to serve as a mechanistic drug activity biomarker

in the clinic and is expected to significantly impact/accelerate the clinical development of aggrecanase inhibitors and other disease modifying drugs for OA. (C) 2010 Osteoarthritis Research Society International. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Objective: The goal of this prospective study is to investigate the correlation between allergen sensitivity and radiographic evaluation of adenoidal obstruction and tonsil size.

Subjects and Methods: A total of 82 children with upper airway obstructive symptoms were evaluated for their tonsil size. All patients underwent digital lateral soft tissue radiographs. Assessment of nasopharyngeal obstruction in radiographs was done according to the Cohen and Konak method. Skin prick tests with multitest applicator including 14 allergens were carried out to investigate their allergic background.


Despite rapid reduction in cell numbers, int


Despite rapid reduction in cell numbers, intra-articular injected hMSCs were activated to express Ihh, PTHLH, and BMP2 and contributed to meniscal regeneration. XMU-MP-1 nmr The hedgehog signaling was essential in enhancing the expression of rat-Col II, but several other factors provided by the hMSCs probably contributed to the repair. (C) 2012 Osteoarthritis Research Society International. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“In a long term study, which covered 4 sampling periods over three years, a total number of 84 samples, specifically 28 influent, effluent, from seven WWTP located in the main cities along the Ebro river Basin (North East of Spain), as well as receiving river waters, were analyzed to assess the Alvocidib datasheet occurrence of 73 pharmaceuticals covering several medicinal classes. Results indicated that pharmaceuticals are widespread pollutants in the aquatic environmental. Linking the calculation of removal rates with half-lives,

assuming that compound degradation followed pseudo-first order kinetics, suggested that conventional wastewater treatments applied at the seven WWTP were unable to completely remove most of the pharmaceuticals under study. The evaluation of compound degradability, in terms of half-lives, is an important task to discuss integrated solutions for mitigation of pollutants entry into the water cycle. High half-lives observed for the majority of pharmaceuticals in WWTP suggest that, in order to enhance compound degradation, higher hydraulic retention times should be required. The wide spectrum of substances detected in receiving river waters indicates that WWTP outlets are major contributors of pharmaceuticals in the aquatic environment. However, municipal wastewater treatment represents an obligatory and final treatment step prior to their release into the aquatic media, since load of pharmaceuticals in outlets were considerably reduced after treatment.

Finally, hazard posed by pharmaceuticals in both surface and effluent wastewaters Was assessed toward

different aquatic organisms, (algae, daphnids and fish). The overall relative order of susceptibility was estimated to be algae > daphnia > fish. Results indicate that no significant risks could be associated to the presence of pharmaceuticals in those matrices, indicating that reduction of compound concentration after wastewater treatment as well as dilution factor once pharmaceuticals are discharged in receiving river water efficiently mitigate possible environmental hazards. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“As the cohort of survivors with the single-ventricle type of congenital heart disease grows, it becomes increasingly evident that the state of chronically elevated venous pressure and decreased cardiac output inherent in the Fontan circulation provides the substrate for a progressive decline in functional status. One organ at great risk is the liver.

Treatment modalities were assigned to one of three categories: pe

Treatment modalities were assigned to one of three categories: pelvic exenteration, wide excision, and nonsurgical (primary radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or both). Overall survival and progression-free survival were calculated from the date of the surgical diagnosis.

RESULTS: The median age was 60.6 years. Eighty-four percent of patients were white. Vaginal bleeding was the most common presenting symptom. Lesions were located in the distal third of the vagina in the majority (65%) of patients. Initial management included a wide local or radical excision (76% of patients); pelvic exenteration (14%); and radiotherapy, chemotherapy, or radiotherapy and chemotherapy

(10%). At a median follow-up of 17.4 months, 33 learn more women experienced disease recurrence. Recurrence was local only in seven patients (22%), distant only in 20 (63%), and both in five (15%). The most common sites of distant recurrence were GF120918 molecular weight lungs and liver. Median progression-free survival was 11.4 months, and median overall survival was 19 months. The 5-year progression-free and overall survival rates were 9.5% and 20.0%, respectively. Patients treated surgically had significantly longer survival than those treated nonsurgically

(P=.01). Radiotherapy after wide excision reduced local recurrence risk and increased survival from 16.1 months to 29.4 months, although the increase was not significant (P=.46).

CONCLUSION: Malignant vaginal melanoma, even when localized at presentation, has a very poor prognosis. Patients treated surgically have longer survival than those treated nonsurgically. Radiotherapy after wide Poziotinib datasheet excision reduces local but not distant recurrences. (Obstet Gynecol 2010;116:1358-65)”
“Caveolin-1 is the principal marker of caveolae in endothelial cells. It plays an important role in physiological and pathological conditions of the blood-brain barrier and serves as a mediator in drug delivery through the blood-brain barrier. Caveolin-1 is related to the diminished expression of tight junction-associated proteins and metabolic pinocytosis vesicles when the blood-brain barrier is destroyed

by outside invaders or malignant stimulus. The permeability of the blood-brain barrier, regulated by types of drugs or physical irradiation, is connected with drug transportation with the participation of caveolin-1. Caveolin-1, which serves as a platform or medium for signal transduction, cooperates with several signal molecules by forming a complex. Silencing of caveolin-1 and disruption of caveolae can attenuate or remove pathological damage and even engender the opposite effects in the blood-brain barrier. This review considers the role of caveolin-1 in the blood-brain barrier that may have profound implications for central nervous system disease and drug delivery through the blood-brain barrier.

Eighty-eight percent of institutions performed one to five total

Eighty-eight percent of institutions performed one to five total ablation procedures each month. Urologists

alone performed 13% of ablation procedures, radiologists performed 45% of ablation procedures, and a combined approach (urologist and radiologist present) was used in 43% of the institutions. When questioned about their role during percutaneous ablation, we found that urologists were present at the time of ablation in 59% of institutions, IWR-1-endo chemical structure in 32% of institutions urologists placed the needles for ablation, and in 98% of institutions urologists were responsible for the postoperative care of the patient. Eighty-nine percent of academic institutions performed a biopsy of the renal mass with 67% performing a core biopsy, selleck screening library 5% performing a fine-needle aspiration (FNA), and 28% performing both a core biopsy and FNA. Nineteen percent of institutions performed a renal mass biopsy prior to the day of the procedure so that the pathology was known prior to ablation.

Conclusions: Ablative technologies are well utilized for the treatment of small renal masses at current academic institutions with urologists directly involved in the ablation procedure in only half of the institutions. While preablation biopsy is common, pathology

is rarely known prior to ablation.”
“Background: The development of the human kidney is a complex process requiring interactions between epithelial and mesenchymal cells. The condensed cap mesenchyme is hypothesized to generate a population of stem/progenitor cells that undergo mesenchymal-epithelial transition (MET) originating nephrons. Few immunohistochemical markers are available for detecting cap mesenchymal cells in the early phases of MET. Methods: The expression of MUC1 was evaluated in the kidneys, of 4 human foetuses and 2 newborns. Results: MUC1 immunoreactivity was detected in all the examined kidneys in the cap mesenchyme and in the renal vesicles. Immunostaining for MUC1 in cap mesenchymal

cells changed from one nodule to the next: some mesenchymal nodules were negative, some showed MUC1 reactivity in scattered cells, whereas in others, positive cells revealed the presence of a roundish developing epithelial structure. Conclusions: Our data clearly indicates, for the first time to the best of our knowledge, immunohistochemical evidence CDK phosphorylation of MUC1 expression during human kidney development. We focused on MUC1 reactivity in the cap mesenchyme. On the basis of these preliminary data, we speculate that MUC1 may be involved in human nephrogenesis and may play a relevant role in MET from the cap mesenchyme to the renal vesicle, changing the fate of renal stem/progenitor cells.”
“Background: The purpose of our study was to determine, in vivo, whether single-energy noncontrast computed tomography (NCCT) can accurately predict the presence/percentage of struvite stone composition.