Conclusions: The study highlights the importance of taking a broader approach to examining partner caregiving in the context of stroke, in terms of the caregiving relationship and their influence on the health and well-being of caregivers.”
“Hydroxyethyl cellulose find more Acetate (HECA) was prepared starting from hydroxyethyl cellulose
(HEC), acetic anhydride and perchloric acid which was used as catalyst. The synthesized product was characterized by FTIR, C-13 NMR, and H-1 NMR. Substitution degree (DS) of HECA was determined using FTIR spectra taking a classical titration method as reference. The H-1 NMR spectroscopy was also used to confirm the results obtained by FTIR. The DS is substantially affected by the temperature, the time of reaction and especially the equivalent number (eq. nb.) of the acetic anhydride added. We have studied and discussed in the context of usage in modification reactions, the solubility of the HECA samples buy AICAR by varying their DS. This investigation was based on the determination of the Flory-Huggins interaction parameters (chi(SP)) using the partial
Hansen solubility parameters (HSP). HSP of HEC and the HECA samples were calculated from the Van-Krevlen-Hoftyze (VKH) method and the T. Lindvig approximation. We have focused our work on predicting and controlling family solvents of HECA with various DS, to facilitate and to optimize the homogenous modification reaction conditions. From results BTSA1 concentration on a range of HECA samples, it is conclude that their prediction solubility
taking the value of DS into account is possible, and then the surface modification can relatively be easily realized. The thermal analysis study shows some differences in T-g and thermal degradation between HEC and HECA, moreover these thermal temperatures are influenced by DS values. (C) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 122:2952-2965, 2011″
“PURPOSE: To evaluate and compare toric intraocular lens (IOL) implantation and spherical IOL implantation with peripheral corneal relaxing incisions to manage astigmatism during phacoemulsification.
SETTING: Ophthalmology Service, Hospital Ramon y Cajal, Madrid, Spain.
DESIGN: Prospective randomized comparative case series.
METHODS: Eyes with cataract and corneal astigmatism (1.00 to 3.00 diopters [D]) had toric IOL implantation or peripheral corneal relaxing incisions. Outcome measures were visual outcomes, slitlamp assessment, digital toric IOL axis determination, spectacle need, and patient satisfaction.
RESULTS: Three months postoperatively, the mean uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA) was 0.13 +/- 0.10 (SD) in the toric IOL group and 0.19 +/- 0.12 in the relaxing incisions group; the UDVA was better than 0.20 in 75% of eyes and 60% of eyes, respectively. Refractive cylinder decreased significantly in both groups, with a mean residual refractive astigmatism of 0.61 +/- 0.41 D in the toric IOL group and 1.32 +/- 0.60 D in the relaxing incisions group (P<.01). The mean toric IOL rotation was 3.