For all calculations we used the software SPSS for Windows (IBM,

For all calculations we used the software SPSS for Windows (IBM, SPSS Statistics, 19 version). Accidental ABO after elective PTCA occurred in 43 (21.5%) of 200 patients in this study. As shown in Table 1, there were no significant differences in demographic and Perifosine order cardiovascular risk factors between the two groups of patients, except for the incidence of diabetes mellitus, which was higher in the controls, but lost its significance after the logistic regression analysis. The indication for PTCA was unstable angina in 55% cases, stable angina in 33.5% and chronic

total coronary occlusion (CTO) in the remaining patients. The distribution of these percentages was comparable among the two groups. In 67.5% of patients the angioplasty was performed

on the RCA XAV-939 price (ABO: 30, non-ABO: 105, p = 0.72) and in 32.5%, it was performed on the LCX (ABO: 13, non-ABO: 52, p = 0.72). The vascular approach used was the radial artery in 103 patients (ABO: 23, non-ABO: 80, p = 0.77) and the femoral artery in the remaining cases (ABO: 20, non-ABO: 77, p = 0.77). As illustrated in Table 2, the atrial branches arise from both right and circumflex coronary arteries in at least 90% of patients. The atrial branches supplying the sinus node and the AV node originate in most instances from the right coronary artery. In about half of cases, the index atrial branch corresponded to the sinus node artery (cases: 20, controls: 94, p = 0.1169). The average size of the atrial branch in the non-ABO group was higher than in the ABO group (1.29 SD 0.33 mm vs. 0.97 SD 0.22 mm, p ≤ 0.0001). Table 2 also shows that the presence of atherosclerotic plaques in the ostium of the atrial branches was more frequent

in ABO than in Ketanserin non-ABO patients. Likewise, the ABO group also depicted a closer proximity of the atrial branch to the atherosclerotic plaque in the right or circumflex coronary arteries, indicating that patients with ABO had a higher incidence of bifurcation lesions. Moreover, plaques affecting the atrial branches and the proximal and distal segments of the epicardial coronary artery (type 1-1-1) are more frequently seen in ABO than in non-ABO patients [ABO: 28/36 (77.7%), non-ABO 29/88 (32.9%), p ≤ 0.0001]. The complexity of the target PTCA coronary lesion assessed by ACC/AHA classification was similar in both groups of patients (type A: 2.3% in ABO vs. 8.9% in non-ABO; type B1: 32.6% vs. 26.8%; type B2: 39.5% vs. 36.3%; type C: 25.6% vs. 28%, p = ns). The average stenosis of the epicardial coronary artery was similar in both groups (83.3% in ABO vs. 84.0% in non-ABO, p = ns). As shown in Table 3, during PTCA, the number of patients undergoing predilatation and postdilatation procedures was comparable in both groups. Moreover, the distribution of the different types of implanted stents and their platform was also similar in non-ABO and in ABO patients.

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