For the monoclinic structure at room temperature, CuMnO2 behaves like a frustrated spin-lattice. For the triclinic structure at low temperature, the obtained magnetic configurations of the lowest energy for both alpha-NaMnO2 and CuMnO2 are consistent with experiments. However, the exchange constants are all positive. This reveals that the magnetic frustration is only partially
relieved at low temperature. It is also found that the Mn3+ ions are in a high-spin state. Taking into account the on-site Coulomb correlations, our results show that alpha-NaMnO2 and CuMnO2 are charge-transfer insulators. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3536533]“
“In Algeria, a significant quantities of olive husk are rejected to nature causing by the way major nuisances to environment, to give us a reason for which our work is focused on the valorization of this waste by its incorporation in a polypropylene GPCR Compound Library in vitro matrix. The hydrophilic nature of natural fibers affects negatively selleck inhibitor its adhesion to hydrophobic
polymeric matrix. To improve interfacial adhesion, two modes of chemical treatments were done using vinyltriacetoxysilane (VTAS) and maleic-anhydride-polypropylene (PPMA) compatibilisant agent. Several formulations of PP filled with 10 and 20% by mass of olive husk flour treated (OHFT) and untreated (OHFUT) were prepared. The chemical modification of olive husk flour was studied by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The tensile properties, the water-absorption behavior, the thermal
degradation properties, and crystallinity of the composites were investigated. It was found that, the incorporation of the treated and untreated OHF improves the thermal stability of the composites. However, the use of the compatibilizer agent PPMA leads to a better thermal stability compared with the treatment of the OHF by the VTAS and the OHFUT. (C) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 122: 1382-1394, 2011″
“We present a systematic study of the anisotropy configuration effects on the magnetic properties of exchange-biased ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic (FM/AFM) Co/IrMn bilayers. The interfacial unidirectional anisotropy is set extrinsically via Selleckchem Ricolinostat a field cooling procedure with the magnetic field misaligned by an angle beta(FC) with respect to the intrinsic FM uniaxial anisotropy. High resolution angular dependence in-plane resolved Kerr magnetometry measurements have been performed for three different anisotropy arrangements, including collinear beta(FC) = 0 degrees and two opposite noncollinear cases. The symmetry breaking of the induced noncollinear configurations results in a peculiar nonsymmetric magnetic behavior of the angular dependence of magnetization reversal, coercivity, and exchange bias.