parasuis (del Río et al, 2005), information regarding TbpA is sc

parasuis (del Río et al., 2005), information regarding TbpA is scarce in this species, and tbpA gene has only been used for genotyping purposes by PCR-RFLP (de la Puente Redondo et al., 2003; Li et al., 2009). Here, we report the characterization of a recombinant TbpA (rTbpA) fragment from H. parasuis serovar 5 for further immunoprotective studies. Haemophilus parasuis Nagasaki strain (reference strain of serovar 5) and Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae WF83 (reference strain of serotype 7) were

cultured onto a chocolate agar and incubated for 24 h at 37 °C under 5% CO2. Escherichia coli LMG194 and TOP10 cells were grown in LBA (Luria–Bertani medium+100 μg mL−1 ampicillin). Staphylococcus aureus CIP 5710 was grown in TSA. The iron chelator 2.2 dipyridyl (100 μM) was added to 0.025% NAD-supplemented PPLO broth to ensure restricted iron availability. Extraction of bacterial genomic DNA, RNA and protein removals, and DNA purification Selleckchem Ceritinib were carried out find more as reported previously (del Río et al., 2005).

Forward primer TbpAF (5′ TGG TGG CTT CTA TGG TCC AA 3′), designed in this study based on the nucleotide sequence from H. parasuis Nagasaki strain (GenBank accession nos. AY818058 and AY818059), and reverse primer tbpA33 (5′ AAG CTT GAA ACT AAG GTA CTC TAA 3′) (de la Puente Redondo et al., 2000) were used for PCR amplification (Fig. 1). The PCR mixture was the same as that described by del Río et al. (2005), and the reaction LY294002 was performed in a thermal cycler (Eppendorf Mastercycler Gradient, Germany) under the conditions reported previously (de la Puente Redondo et al., 2000). The PCR fragments were purified using Qiagen PCR purification or Gel extraction kits (Qiagen Inc.). DNA sequencing of the H. parasuis tpbA gene was carried out using an Abi-Prism Apparatus (Perkin-Elmer, Spain) at Secugen S.L. (Madrid, Spain). The sequence obtained was analyzed using DNA Strider 1.4fl3 (CEA, France) and blast computer program at the National Center for Biotechnology Information. The dnaman program was used for predicting

the secondary and tertiary structures of proteins, and for predicting transmembrane domains and hydrophobicity analyses. From 303 to 903 bp of the tbpA gene was the selected fragment (Fig. 1), and two primers were designed for amplification: GJM-F (5′ GGC TTG GCA TTG GAT GGG TTG 3′) and GJM-R (5′ AAC CAA CCA AGA ATC AGA TTT 3′). The amplified PCR product was cut from the agarose gel, purified and cloned using a pBAD/TOPO Thiofusion Expression kit (Invitrogen), using the topoisomerase activity of the vector. The method described by del Río et al. (2005) was carried out. In order to confirm that clones contained the pBAD-Thio-TbpA-V5-His (TbpA-His) construction, a PCR with primers Trx Seq (5′ TTC CTC GAC GCT AAC CTG 3′) and GJM-R was used. Plasmidic DNA from positive clones was then extracted using the Plasmid Midi and QIAprep Spin Miniprep kits (Qiagen Inc.), and sequenced as described above.

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