S National Herbarium 36(3):63–119 Wirth M, Hale ME Jr (1978) Mor

S. National Herbarium 36(3):63–119 Wirth M, Hale ME Jr (1978) Morden-Smithsonian Expedition to Dominica: the lichens (Graphidaceae). Smithson Contrib Bot 40:1–64CrossRef”
“Introduction Species of genus Myceliophthora and its teleomorph Corynascus have attracted increasing interest due to their potential to produce thermostable enzymes. For instance, laccases of M. thermophila (basionym: Sporotrichum thermophilum) were shown to be thermostable

with high activity after expression in different expression hosts (Berka et al. 1997; Bulter et al. 2003; Babot et al. 2011). Due to the potential of Myceliophthora to degrade lignocellulolytic plant material, many (hemi-)cellulolytic enzymes of M. thermophila are characterized and patented

(Bhat and Maheshwari 1987; Roy et al. 1990; Sadhukhan et al. 1992; Badhan et al. 2007; Beeson et al. 2011). The importance of this fungal Lazertinib chemical structure group has recently been underlined by the sequencing of the genome of M. thermophila isolate ATCC42464 (genome.jgi-psf.org/Spoth1). The first Myceliophthora species, M. lutea, was described by Constantin and Matruchot in 1894 as a Cytoskeletal Signaling inhibitor pathogen causing the ‘vert de gris’ mat disease of cultured mushrooms (Costantin 1892). This species was classified before as a member of the genus Chrysosporium (Carmichael 1962), but there after von Arx re-introduced the genus Myceliophthora and its type species M. lutea (von Arx 1973). Initially, three species were assigned to this genus: M. fergusii, M. lutea, and M. thermophila (van Oorschot 1980). Another species, M. vellerea, was most likely wrongly described as a Myceliophthora species based on morphological differences selleck products (Sigler et al. 1998). A fourth species, M. hinnulea, was assigned to the genus Myceliophthora by Awao and Udagawa (1983). The type species of the ascomycete genus Corynascus, C. sepedonium, was described by Emmons (1932). This species was originally part of the genus Thielavia before von Arx introduced the genus Corynascus. This genus can be distinguished from Thielavia by the presence of SDHB ascospores with two germ pores, one at each end (von Arx 1973). At that time, the genus Corynascus contained the species C. sepedonium and C. novoguineensis (von Arx

1973 ). Currently, seven Corynascus species are described: C. heterothallicus, C. novoguineensis, C. sepedonium, C. sexualis, C. similis, C. thermophilus and C. verrucosus (von Klopotek 1974; Stchigel et al. 2000). Of all the species of these two genera, M. thermophila is most commonly used for applied research (Roy et al. 1990; Berka et al. 1997; Rosgaard et al. 2006; Badhan et al. 2007; Beeson et al. 2011). Several isolates of M. thermophila can grow at temperatures up to 50°C on cellulose-rich material and can decompose complex substrates such as birch chips, wood pulp and wheat straw (Bhat and Maheshwari 1987). M. thermophila was initially classified in the genus Sporotrichum (Fergus and Sinden 1969) before it was assigned to the genus Chrysosporium as C.

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