SOD and CAT activities, as well as TA were higher in SMG of irrad

SOD and CAT activities, as well as TA were higher in SMG of irradiated diabetic rats. However, in SMG of non-diabetic rats, laser irradiation decreased TA values and led to an increase in the CAT activity. In addition, there was a decrease in the activity of CAT in PG of diabetic and non-diabetic animals after laser irradiation. According to the results of the present study, low-power laser irradiation can affect the enzymatic antioxidant system of

salivary glands of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.”
“Implementation of Universal Newborn Hearing Screening (UNHS) has MK-0518 led to lowering the age of identification of congenital hearing loss in children. In the absence of UNHS in Mumbai (India), it is pertinent to establish a data base on the age of identification of permanent hearing loss in children to facilitate affirmative action.

Objective: To study the trend in age of identification (AOI) of hearing impairment in children studying in special schools.

Methods: This retrospective study was a survey conducted on a convenient sample.

The authentic data about date of birth and age of identification (AOI) of 510 children were collected through parental interview, and scrutiny of documents like birth certificates, first audiological report maintained in special schools/institutes/hospitals.

Results: Time series analysis of the data concluded that from 1989 to 2008, AOI has reduced by 9.59 months. AOI has not reached one year even by 2008 and is much below the Ro-3306 target of three months of age as per the recommendation of Joint Committee on Infant Hearing (2007).

Conclusion: In absence of Universal Newborn Hearing Screening (UNHS) in Mumbai (India) learn more the present efforts do not seem to be enough in lowering the

age of identification of hearing loss and policy decision is warranted. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“New microcapsules based on renewable materials and containing perfume were designed for cosmeto-textile application. Such microcapsules contained the neroline fragrance as core material and a bio-based polyurethane as wall material. The polymer wall was synthesized by interfacial polycondensation of isosorbide and methylene bis(phenyl isocyanate). The chemical structure of the microcapsules was confirmed by IR and H-1 NMR spectroscopies. The encapsulation efficiency of perfume was determined using H-1 NMR analysis technique accounts for 30%. Microcapsules of spherical shape and 27 mu m diameter consisted of a liquid core and a polymer wall, as revealed by means of small-angle light scattering measurements and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observations. Neroline-loaded microcapsules were impregnated on polyamide textile substrate. The impregnation yield was about 80%. The presence of microencapsulated perfume and the durability of the impregnation effect were tested by SEM, UV-visible spectroscopy and gas chromatography.

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