The level of Cln8 gene expression Obeticholic Acid manufacturer followed the developmental pattern of myelin formation and was high in primary oligodendrocytes. Conclusions: Taken together, these observations suggest that galactolipid deficiency and delayed myelin maturation characterize the early CLN8 disease pathogenesis through a maturation defect of oligodendrocytes. “
“J. H. Xu, L. Long, J. Wang, Y. C. Tang,
H. T. Hu, T. W. Soong and F. R. Tang (2010) Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology36, 71–85 Nuclear localization of Cav2.2 and its distribution in the mouse central nervous system, and changes in the hippocampus during and after pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus Aims: To investigate the subcellular localization of Cav2.2 calcium channel in the mouse central nervous system (CNS), and changes of Cav2.2 at acute and chronic stages during and after pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus (PISE), in order to find out the roles it may play in epileptogenesis. Methods: Combined immunocytochemistry at both light and electron microscopic levels with real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), cell transfection approach were used in this study. Results: N-type calcium channel Cav2.2 subunit was distributed in different regions of the mouse CNS. It was mainly localized
in the nuclei in different types of neurones and in astrocytes. At acute stages during and after PISE, Cav2.2 expression decreased in the stratum pyramidale of CA3 area and in the stratum granulosum RO4929097 ic50 of
the dentate gyrus, but increased in the stratum lucidum of CA3 area and in the hilus of the dentate gyrus. At chronic stage at 2 months after PISE, increased expression of Cav2.2 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase in both the strata granulosum and molecular of the dentate gyrus was observed. Conclusions: Cav2.2 is a nuclear protein in neurones and astrocytes in the mouse CNS. Its translocation occurs at acute stages during and after PISE. The increased expression of Cav2.2 in both the strata granulosum and moleculare of the dentate gyrus at chronic stage at 2 months after PISE may be involved in the occurrence of spontaneously recurrent seizures. “
“The inflammation hypothesis of Alzheimer’s pathogenesis has directed much scientific effort towards ameliorating this disease. The development of mouse models of amyloid deposition permitted direct tests of the proposal that amyloid-activated microglia could cause neurodegeneration in vivo. Many approaches to manipulating microglial activation have been applied to these mouse models, and are the subject of this review. In general, these results do not support a direct neuricidal action of microglia in mouse amyloid models under any activation state. Some of the manipulations cause both a reduction in pathology and a reduction in microglial activation.