To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report of concomitant intestinal PF-562271 manufacturer phlebectasias and CAPV with portosystemic shunts in a patient with Turner syndrome. Key Word(s): 1. bleeding; 2. hyperammonaemia; 3. intestinal phlebectasia; 4. congenital absence of the portal vein; 5. Turner syndrome Presenting
Author: YUNG KA CHIN Additional Authors: DOREEN SIEW CHING KOAY, HOCK SOO ONG, YAW CHONG GOH, CHRISTOPHER JEN LOCK KHOR, JING HIENG NGU Corresponding Author: YUNG KA CHIN Affiliations: Singapore General Hospital, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore General Hospital Objective: Early risk assessment for patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) is important so that tailored management strategy can be employed. Glasgow Blatchford Score (GBS) has been developed to identify patient who require intervention, however, it has not been validated locally. We aim to prospectively assess the clinical utility of GBS in patients presented with UGIB to Singapore General Hospital. Methods: We prospectively recruited every UGIB patients presented to SGH between March and May 2014. Clinical characteristics, laboratory investigations, endoscopy findings and outcomes of patients were recorded. Correlation between GBS and endoscopic findings was
examined. Patients who did not undergo endoscopy were excluded from analysis. Results: One hundred and twenty one patients presented to SGH between the study periods, 10 were discharged. Of these, 90 patients underwent click here endoscopy. Sixty were male and 51.1% were over the age of 60. The mean length of hospitalization was 5.5 days. Approximately one third (37.8%) had normal endoscopy. Those with abnormal endoscopy had peptic ulcer disease (42.2%), malignancy (8.8%), varices (6.7%) and others (4.4%). Only a quarter (25%) of patients required endoscopic therapy. We found that GBS 0 predict normal
endoscopy (specificity 100%, sensitivity 14.7% and positive learn more predictive value 100%). GBS <4 identify patient who do not require endoscopic intervention. Systolic BP <100 mmHg (P < 0.05), coffee ground vomiting (P = 0.009), urea >8 mmol/L (P = 0.016) and past history of ischemic heart disease (IHD) (P = 0.037) are significant predictors for the need of endoscopic intervention. Conclusion: Our study found that GBS 0 safely predict normal endoscopy (PPV 100%), and therefore can potentially be used to stratify patients that do not require admission and urgent inpatient endoscopy. Patients with low systolic BP, coffee ground vomitus, raised urea and past history of IHD at presentation should undergo endoscopy promptly as these are independent predictors for the need of endoscopic intervention. Key Word(s): 1. Glasgow Blatchford score; 2. upper GI bleed; 3.