check details Additional Diatrypaceae were also reported from surveys
of fungi associated with canker diseases in grapevine in New South Wales (NSW), but identification of these isolates remained incomplete (Pitt et al. 2010). Diatrypaceous selleck screening library fungi from native plant species have been reported sporadically in Australia. In his handbook of “Australian fungi”, Cooke (1892) described seven putative species of Diatrypaceae, including Diatrype glomeraria Berk, Diatrype stigma, Diatrype chlorosarca Berk. & Broome, Cryptovalsa elevata Berk., E. lata, E. lubidunda (Sacc.) Thüm. (= E. leprosa [Pers.] Berl.), and Eutypella stellulata (Fr. : Fr.) Sacc. Additional species were described from intertidal host plants in north Queensland, including Cryptovalsa halosarceicola K.D. Hyde on Halosarcia halocnemoides (Nees) Paul G. Wilson in a mangrove at Cairns Airport (Hyde 1993), Eutypa bathurstensis K.D. Hyde & Rappaz (Hyde and Rappaz 1993) and Eutypella naqsii K.D. Hyde (Hyde 1995) on Avicennia sp. at Bathurst Heads. Later, Yuan (1996) documented Cryptovalsa protracta (Pers.) De Not., Diatrype stigma and Eutypella scoparia (Schwein. : Fr.) Ellis & Everh. on Acacia and Eucalyptus plants on Melville Island in the Northern Territory, while Trouillas et al. (2010a, b) described two additional species from native Acacia shrubs in the Coorong National Park, SA.
To the best of our knowledge, the above references constitute the only studies that illustrate the diatrypaceous mycota in Australia. During this study, we Tariquidar in vitro conducted surveys and investigated the diversity of diatrypaceous fungi associated
with grapevines and other woody plants and in SA, NSW and Western Australia (WA). In many instances, fungal colonies displaying morphological characteristics typical of Diatrypaceae were isolated from diseased Clostridium perfringens alpha toxin grapevines. Fruiting bodies typical of Diatrypaceae were also observed from grapevines. The diversity, identity and distribution of these fungi in the main wine grape growing regions of Australia are currently unknown. Hence, much work is necessary not only in the collection and identification of the various species, but also in the determination of their pathogenicity to grapevines and role in the overall complex of grapevine canker diseases. The objectives of this study were to collect, identify and describe the diatrypaceous fungi in and near Australian vineyards, and characterize species using morphology and molecular phylogeny. Materials and methods Origin and deposit of isolates During spring and summer of 2008 and 2009, we obtained strains of Diatrypaceae from cankers in infected grapevine spurs, cordons or trunks, and from fruiting bodies on dead grapevines as well as dead wood of native, ornamental and cultivated plants neighboring vineyards.