Zhao et al performed the same process and analyzed the machinabi

Zhao et al. Selleckchem KPT 330 performed the same process and analyzed the machinability of the material and its structure via molecular dynamics simulation [9]. Although the experimental and theoretical results revealed the structure transformation in diamond semiconductors, the mechanism of the phase transformation did not suit for most of metal materials.

Since the lattice structure of a metal is different from a semiconductor, the phase transformation is not fitful for most face-centered cubic (FCC) metals. Consequently, understanding of the different performances and machinability of the machining-induced layer in a FCC metal becomes NF-��B inhibitor essential. In this paper, theoretical analysis and investigation on the properties of subsurface deformed layers in nanocutting process with the aid of nanoindentation test will provide much information on the mechanisms of the deformation in the material. The displacements of dislocations

are simulated to have better understanding of the mechanism of the damaged layer in nanocutting and nanoindentation test on a machining-induced surface. The remainder Idasanutlin molecular weight of this paper is organized as follows: The ‘Methods’ section gives the models and conditions of the MD simulation. The ‘Results’ section presents the results of the simulation and discusses the results in detail. The ‘Discussion’ section discusses the effect of cutting directions along different crystal orientations on the subsurface deformed layers. The last part draws PRKACG some interesting conclusions. Methods Simulation

model A schematic diagram of the three-dimensional MD simulation model is shown in Figure  1. The model consists of a single-crystal copper specimen, a diamond tool, and a hemispherical diamond indenter. The specimen size is 75a × 35a × 50a along the X, Y, and Z directions, consisting of 525,000 atoms, where a is the lattice constant of Cu (0.3614 nm). The copper atoms in the specimen are categorized into three kinds of atoms: boundary atoms, thermostat atoms, and Newtonian atoms. The boundary atoms are fixed in space to reduce the boundary effects and maintain the proper symmetry of the lattice. The motion of Newtonian atoms is determined by the force restricted by Newton’s equation of motion. The thermostat atoms are used to ensure reasonable outward heat conduction away from the machined zone. Figure 1 Schematic diagram of three-dimensional MD model of single-crystal copper for nanoindentation with hemispherical indenter after nanocutting. The size of the control volume is L X  × L Y  × L Z  = 27.112 nm × 12.65 nm × 18.07 nm. In all the calculations, the velocity of the diamond tool v c  = 200 ms−1 and the velocity of the indenter v i  = 30 ms−1. The diamond tool consists of 21,823 carbon atoms, and the rake angle and clearance angle are 0° and 7°, respectively.

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