, 2009) on December 2010 were downloaded The 16S rRNA gene seque

, 2009) on December 2010 were downloaded. The 16S rRNA gene sequences from each group were aligned using clc Workbench 4.2 (CLC bio, Aarhus, Denmark). The Pseudomonas and Burkholderia 16S rRNA gene sequence contains three hyper variable regions (HVR) and several minor variable regions (Moore et al., 1996; Baker et al., 2003). The HVR is the candidate spot to detect sequence variation from genus to species level, whereas conserved regions flanking the variable regions

as well as inside the alignments for the two microbial groups were manually checked to locate the optimal sequences for primers Fluorouracil nmr and probes. The specificity of all possible primer and probe sequences was tested in the RDP probe match software. Furthermore, in silico validation of selected primers and probes was carried out in clc 4.2 and Amplify 3X software. The dual-labelled probes were designed with a fluorophore (6-carboxyfluorescein/FAM) and a quencher (Black Hole Quencher BHQ I) linked to the 5′ and the 3′ ends, respectively. The characteristics of the two qPCR assays developed in this study are summarized in Table 1. To verify that the primers were suitable for studies of intra-genus diversity, an in silico analysis was performed in which the internal sequence variation between the forward and reverse primers

was tested. The regions between the primers (possible amplicons) were recovered from alignment of the entire 16S RNA gene (for INK 128 cost all 116 and 55 type sequences), and partial alignments were conducted (clc 4.2.). The partial alignments Histone demethylase were checked for suitable internal base variation, and phylogenetic neighbour-joining trees were constructed [SplitsTree (Huson & Bryant, 2006)] to verify possible species separation. All qPCRs were performed using 25 μL reactions on the Mx3000 (Stratagene, Cedar Creek, TX). The qPCR program and the reagents concentrations were identical in all SYBR Green I assay reactions consisting of 1× of Brilliant SYBR Green

QPCR Master Mix (Stratagene), 385 nM of forward primer and reverse primer and 2 μL sample DNA. The qPCR conditions were 10 min at 95 °C followed by 40 cycles of 95 °C for 30 s and 1 min at 60 °C ended by a dissociation curve segment. Fluorescent measurements were taken at the end of every merged annealing/extension steps. In the hydrolysis probe assay, the reactions contained the following: 1× TaqMan Environmental Master Mix 2.0 (Applied Biosystems, Warrington, UK), 770 nM forward primer and reverse primer, 100 nM probe and 2 μL sample DNA. The qPCR program consisted of 10 min at 95 °C, followed by 45 cycles at 95 °C for 30 s, and 1 min at 60 °C (merged annealing/extension steps). For validation, the data trend from the developed qPCR assays was compared with a 16S eubacterial qPCR assay (see Table 1 for primer details; Fierer et al., 2005).

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