8 months, revealed that all nails had good esthetic and functional results. All experienced amelioration of nail abnormalities. The “onion” advancement flap had effectively released the scar contracture around the nail fold and simultaneously restored the eponychial fold.\n\nCONCLUSIONS: The “onion” flap technique provides superior results compared with those from conventional techniques. We recommend it as the mainstay of treatment for reconstruction of the postburn eponychial deformities. (J Trauma. 2012;72: 1424-1428. Copyright (C) 2012 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins)”
“Background: Metabolic syndrome
is find more a constellation of risk factors used to identify individuals at greatest risk for developing cardiovascular disease (CVD). Early diagnosis of CVD would benefit African-Americans (AA), who have a higher prevalence of and mortality rate from CVD compared to Caucasians (CA). Two definitions for metabolic syndrome were used to classify healthy CA and AA, and evaluate how other CVD risk factors [C-reactive protein (CRP), percent body fat, fitness level, insulin
resistance, and non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C)] changed metabolic syndrome classification.\n\nMethods: Healthy AA (n = 97) and CA (n = 51) ranging from normal weight to obese, 18-45 years of age, with neither hypertension nor diabetes, were evaluated for cardiorespiratory fitness, height, weight, percent body fat, hip and waist circumference, blood pressure (BP), and www.selleckchem.com/products/MDV3100.html fasting blood glucose, insulin, triglycerides, HDL, non-HDL-C, and CRP. Participants were classified as meeting the criteria for metabolic syndrome according to the National
Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III 2004 (NCEP ATP III) and the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) definitions.\n\nResults: Significant ethnic differences (P < 0.01) in classification were noted for both metabolic syndrome definitions (NCEP ATP III, CA = 16.7% vs. AA = 5.7%; IDF, CA = 23.5% vs. AA = 8.2%). Ethnic differences were eliminated when fitness Nutlin-3 chemical structure level or percent body fat was included as a criterion.\n\nConclusions: If diagnosis of metabolic syndrome is intended for early recognition of CVD risk and slowing CVD development, current definitions for metabolic syndrome will not capture healthy AA. Health-care providers may consider assessing percent body fat and participation in regular exercise, because these criteria would help identify AA at risk.”
“Objective: In neonatal and infant cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), hemodilution with reduction of plasma albumin concentration and low colloid oncotic pressure (COP) are the main factors associated with tissue edema and postoperative weight gain. The aim of our study was to evaluate the influence of two different COP regulatory strategies on post-bypass body weight gain, fluid balance, and clinical outcomes.