At frequencies above 30 MHz, native MicroMarker has higher attenuation values and contrast-to-tissue ratios than native Definity and SonoVue. Decantation was found to be an effective method to alter the size distribution and concentration of native clinical microbubble populations, enabling further contrast enhancement for specific pre-clinical applications. (E-mail: [email protected]) (C) 2014 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology.”
“This article demonstrates a combined
instrument of two imaging modalities to acquire information, on cardiac function in larval Drosophila melanogaster: optical coherence tomography (OCT) and laser scanning fluorescence microscopy (LSFM). For this purpose, a dedicated imaging instrument able to sequentially provide cross-sectional OCT and C-scan LSFM images has been developed. With
click here this dual-imaging system, the heart can be easily located and visualized within the specimen GSK2879552 purchase and the change of the heart shape in cardiac cycle can be monitored. (C) 2009 by WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim”
“Background: Acute coagulopathy, hypothermia, and acidosis are the lethal triad of conditions manifested by major trauma patients. Recent animal studies have reported that hypothermia improves survival in animals subjected to controlled haemorrhagic shock. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of hypothermia on coagulation in rats subjected to uncontrolled haemorrhagic shock.\n\nMethods: Thirty-two male Sprague-Dawley
rats were randomly divided into four groups: normothermia (control, group N), hypothermia (group H), hypothermic haemorrhagic selleck kinase inhibitor shock (group HS), and normothermic haemorrhagic shock (group NS). Haemorrhagic shock was induced by splenic laceration. Capacity for coagulation was measured by rotation thromboelastometry (ROTEM (R)), and was measured at baseline as well as the end of the shock and resuscitation periods. Survival was observed for 48 h post-trauma.\n\nResults: Baseline parameters were not different amongst the groups. Rats exposed to hypothermia alone did not differ in coagulation capacity compared to the control group. Clot formation time (CFT) and maximal clot firmness (MCF) in group HS decreased as the experiment progressed. Maximal clot firmness time (MCFt) in groups H and HS was significantly prolonged during shock and resuscitation compared with that in group NS. In group NS, MCF did not change significantly, but MCFt was reduced compared with baseline. Group HS had poor survival when compared with normovolaemic groups.\n\nConclusion: Blood clotted less firmly in traumatic haemorrhagic shock, and hypothermia prolonged clotting. However, clot firmness maximised rapidly under normothermic haemorrhagic shock. Haemorrhage would continue for a longer time in hypothermic haemorrhagic shock.