Broad applications in the field of biotechnology, the necessity f

Broad applications in the field of biotechnology, the necessity for continued research and

development on fats, oils suggest that microbial lipases have increased importance and their role could be exploited. All extracellular bacterial lipases can be produced cheaply by fermentation and are required in large quantities for industrial use. Thus, it is essential to search for the resources available in earth as well as its isolation, identification. Direct sequence determination of 16S rRNA gene fragments represents GDC-973 a highly accurate, versatile tool for identification of bacteria at species level. Therefore, the strain was confirmed by genotypic techniques such as 16S rRNA sequence analysis. The organisms ability to produce lipase were found to be influenced by controlled nutritional and physiochemical factors. From the observed results, it is concluded, that the identified strain S. aureus can be considered as a potential candidate for lipase production

in industrial application. The author has none to declare. “
“Menopause is the stage of a woman’s life, typically between the ages of 45 and 55, when she stops having menstrual periods. The transition from a reproductive stage to menopause occurs naturally over a period of Perifosine molecular weight years, but it can also be brought on suddenly by any medical procedure that damages or removes the ovaries.1 Menopause is also called as change of life and is the opposite of the menarche. Some women experience common symptoms of menopause, such as hot flashes and mood swings, while other women experience Mephenoxalone few or no symptoms at all. Postmenopausal is defined formally as the time after which a woman has experienced twelve consecutive months of amenorrhea (lack of menstruation) without a period. The average length

of the postmenopausal has been increasing. With greater longevity, a woman will soon be postmenopausal on the average a third of her life.2 Osteoporosis is a multi factorial and silent epidemic disease which is the first fourth major threat to health in twenty first century. Osteoporosis has even more mortality than most cancers.3 and 4 There is no other pernicious disease in whole medical history which has not been paid enough attention to 50% of women aged >45 and 90% of women aged >75 in U.S have osteoporosis respectively and anticipated to have more than 4.5 million hip fractures until 2050.5 and 6 The major risk factors for osteoporosis are well documented. They include female sex, white or Asian ethnicity, positive family history, postmenopausal status, null parity, short stature and small bones, leanness, sedentary lifestyle, low calcium intake, smoking, alcohol abuse, and high caffeine, protein, or phosphate intake. Endocrine disorders, gastrointestinal disorders and certain medications can also increase risk.7 and 8 Hence an X-ray cannot reliably measure bone density but is useful to identify spinal fractures.

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