(C) 2010 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3358242]“
“This study focused on the internal conductance (g(i)) along the plant profile of Ethiopian mustard under two light conditions: (i) light from the top only (I1); click here (ii) light from the top integrated by supplementary lateral light along the whole plant profile (I2). Lateral light strongly increased the productivity (e.g. +104% of seed oil) and net photosynthesis (A). The latter appeared more driven by g(i) (r=0.78**) than by stomatal conductance (g(s)) (r=0.51*). Importantly, irradiance
also considerably shortened the time from leaf appearance to senescence, which means that corresponding leaves in I1 and I2 had different ages. Therefore, since leaf age and irradiance have counteracting effects on g(i), I1 sometimes showed higher g(i) values than I2. With respect to irradiance, leaf age had clearly higher effects on g(i), which radically declined from the top to the basal leaves, even under constant light conditions. The internal conductance caused a significant drawdown of Proteasome function CO(2) from the sub-stomatal cavity (C(i)) to the site of carboxylation (C(c)) that, in turn, led to a substantial underestimation of V(cmax) calculated using the A/C(i) model. Again, the trends of g(i) and g(s) were not consistent along the plant profile, and so the ratio between stomatal and internal limitations to A changed
from top to bottom leaves, accordingly. This study suggests that g(i) may be a valuable trait for increasing photosynthetic capacity and productivity; nonetheless, it suggests caution in selecting leaves for high g(i), as the latter can considerably change along the plant profile due to Acalabrutinib price leaf age and irradiance effects.”
“MicroRNAs (miRNAs) belong to the heterogeneous group of non-coding, regulatory RNA molecules. They play an important role in physiological functions, especially during tissue development. Moreover, their cell-type specific expression levels are also thought to be altered in association with different pathological conditions, including metabolic disorders and cancer. However,
the vast majority of molecular assays for their quantification have been established for humans and mice, with no reports on specific research tools for dogs. Here canine-specific SYBRGreen based quantitative, real-time PCR assays are introduced for the quantification of 21 miRNAs and five small nucleolar RNA (snoRNA). The assay includes a timesaving and economical universal one-tube cDNA synthesis approach which allows for a more robust relative quantification than the commonly used multiple specific reverse transcriptions. GeNorm and Norm-Finder analysis were used for the evaluation of potential housekeeping genes and identified miRNAs to be more stable housekeeping genes by trend. (c) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.