Clin Sci 1992, 83:367–374.PubMed 28. Powers ME, Arnold BL, Weltman AL, Perrin DH, Mistry D, Kahler DM, Kraemer W, Volek J: Creatine supplementation increases total
body water without altering fluid distribution. J Athl Train 2003, 38:44–50.PubMed 29. Latzka WA, Sawka MN, Montain SJ, Skrinar GS, Fielding RA, Matott RP, Pandolf KB: Hyperhydration: this website Tolerance and cardiovascular effects during uncompensable exercise-heat stress. J Appl Physiol 1998, 84:1858–1864.PubMed 30. Deschamps A, Levy RD, Cosio MG, Marliss EB, Magder S: Effect of saline infusion on body temperature and endurance during heavy exercise. J Appl Physiol 1989, 66:2799–2804.PubMed 31. Luetkemeier MJ, Thomas EL: Hypervolemia and cycling time trial performance. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1994, 26:503–509.PubMed 32. Nadel ER, Fortney SM, Wenger CB: Effect of hydration state of circulatory and thermal regulations. J Appl Physiol 1980, 49:715–721.PubMed 33. Nose H, Mack GW, Shi XR, Morimoto
K, Nadel ER: Effect of saline infusion during exercise on thermal and circulatory regulations. J Appl Physiol 1990, 69:609–616.PubMed selleck 34. Ekelund LG: Circulatory and respiratory adaptation during prolonged exercise. Acta Physiol Scand Suppl 1967, 292:1–38.PubMed 35. Rauch LH, Rodger I, Wilson GR, Belonje JD, Dennis SC, Noakes TD, Hawley JA: The effects of carbohydrate loading on muscle glycogen content and cycling performance. Int J Sport Nutr 1995, 5:25–36.PubMed 36. Tarnopolsky MA, Zawada C, Richmond LB, Carter S, Shearer J, Graham T, Phillips SM: Gender differences in carbohydrate loading are related to energy intake. J Appl Physiol 2001, 91:225–230.PubMed 37. Hargreaves M, McConell G, Proietto J: Influence of muscle glycogen on glycogenolysis
and glucose uptake during exercise in humans. J Appl Physiol 1995, 78:288–292.PubMedCrossRef 38. Wojtaszewski JF, MacDonald C, Nielsen JN, Hellsten Y, Hardie DG, Kemp BE, Kiens B, Richter EA: Regulation of 5′amp-activated Avelestat (AZD9668) protein kinase activity and substrate utilization in exercising human skeletal muscle. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 2003, 284:E813-E822.PubMed 39. Marino FE, Kay D, Cannon J: Glycerol hyperhydration fails to improve endurance performance and thermoregulation in humans in a warm humid environment. Pflugers Arch 2003, 446:455–462.PubMedCrossRef 40. Latzka WA, Sawka MN: Hyperhydration and glycerol: Thermoregulatory effects during exercise in hot climates. Can J Appl Physiol 2000, 25:536–545.PubMedCrossRef 41. Anderson MJ, Cotter JD, Garnham AP, Casley DJ, Febbraio MA: Effect of glycerol-induced hyperhydration on thermoregulation and metabolism during exercise in heat. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 2001, 11:315–333.PubMedCrossRef 42. Hitchins S, Martin DT, Burke L, Yates K, Fallon K, Hahn A, Dobson GP: Glycerol hyperhydration improves cycle time trial performance in hot humid conditions.