RESULTS: Batch experiments were initially conducted to investigate total phenols’ adsorption capacity on activated sludge (AS), olive pomace (OP) and powdered activated carbon (PAC).
According to the results, PAC presented the best adsorption capacity. Three sequencing batch reactors (SBRs) were also operated, treating municipal wastewater and different amounts of OMW. The first SBR contained AS (AS-System), the second AS andOP (AS-OP System) and the third AS and PAC (AS-PAC System). All SBRs operated sufficiently in the presence of 1% v/v OMW, achievingmean COD and total phenols removal efficiency higher than 86% and 85%, respectively, and satisfactory settling capacity. Increase of OMW concentration to 5% v/v affected the performance of SBRs, resulting in mean COD removal efficiencies that ranged between 61% (AS-OP System) Proteasome inhibitor XMU-MP-1 and 80% (AS-PAC System).
CONCLUSION: Among the SBRs used, the AS-PAC System operated
with highest performance in the presence of 1 and 2.5% v/v OMW, and showed better stability in the presence of 5% v/v OMW. Calculation of total phenols mass flux revealed that biodegradation was the principal mechanism of their removal. The highest values of mean biotransformation rates were calculated for the AS-PAC System and ranged between 2.0 and 40.6 d-1 for different experimental phases. (C) 2012 Ubiquitin inhibitor Society of Chemical Industry”
“Objective: To translate the individual abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) patient’s biomechanical rupture risk profile
to risk-equivalent diameters, and to retrospectively test their predictability in ruptured and non-ruptured aneurysms.
Methods: Biomechanical parameters of ruptured and non-ruptured AAAs were retrospectively evaluated in a multicenter study. General patient data and high resolution computer tomography angiography (CTA) images from 203 non-ruptured and 40 ruptured aneurysmal infrarenal aortas. Three-dimensional AAA geometries were semi-automatically derived from CTA images. Finite element (FE) models were used to predict peak wall stress (PWS) and peak wall rupture index (PWRI) according to the individual anatomy, gender, blood pressure, intraluminal thrombus (ILT) morphology, and relative aneurysm expansion. Average PWS diameter and PWRI diameter responses were evaluated, which allowed for the PWS equivalent and PWRI equivalent diameters for any individual aneurysm to be defined.
Results: PWS increased linearly and PWRI exponentially with respect to maximum AAA diameter. A size-adjusted analysis showed that PWS equivalent and PWRI equivalent diameters were increased by 7.5 mm (p = .013) and 14.0 mm (p < .001) in ruptured cases when compared to non-ruptured controls, respectively.