Fewer children in the USA have become living donors in the past decade. Preadolescent children in particular should probably be considered as potential donors only in extraordinary circumstances. Safeguards protect not only children, but transplant physicians, programs and the image of the transplant endeavor.”
“Objective: Determine whether
elevated second trimester maternal serum a-fetoprotein (AFP) is associated with clinical and histopathologic markers of inflammation at preterm delivery. Methods: 105 women <32 weeks’ gestation were included. AFP levels were dichotomized at 2.0 multiples of the median (MoM). Rates of neonatal morbidities, clinical see more chorioamnionitis, cord blood IL-6 level, and placental inflammatory findings were compared. Results: Thirteen (12.4%) had elevated AFR Fewer women with AFP >= 2 MoM had Cyclosporin A ic50 histologic placental or membrane rupture site inflammation, funisitis, or placental culture positive for Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma species, compared to those with normal AFR Neonatal death
was increased in the elevated AFP group (23.1% vs. 2.27%, RR 10.6). Elevated AFP was associated with a nonsignificant increase in indicated birth (54% vs. 35%; p = 0.225). Virtually all inflammatory findings were confined to the spontaneous delivery group. Conclusion: Selleck 5-Fluoracil Elevated midtrimester AFP conveyed significant risk of neonatal death, but was negatively associated with clinical or histopathologic inflammation in preterm infants.”
“Purpose of review
Because of the ongoing organ donor shortage, transplant tourism is occurring at an increasing rate both in the USA and abroad. To date, there have been little published data to help guide the programmatic philosophy of the USA
transplant centers regarding transplant tourism.
We summarize position statements from several transplant societies regarding transplant tourism and specifically transplantation occurring in China (because of the use of executed prisoners as organ donors). Transplant tourism is ever increasing and patients may be at risk for greater post-transplant morbidity as well as inadequate follow-up care. Transplant centers require some guidance with regard of how to deal with these patients.
Transplant tourism is an increasing reality facing the USA transplant centers. Most professional societies do not condone it yet cannot abrogate a physician’s right to care for such patients. Ethical principles mandate transplant physicians provide adequate care for returning transplant tourists. Better ways of assessing the scope of the problem are necessary.