The images of silver nanoparticles that covered suspended and supported graphenes were obtained by the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and are shown in Figure 2a, b,
c. The average size of silver nanoparticles MLN2238 molecular weight were determined by the histogram analysis , of which the suspended see more graphene is 25.4 ± 2.2 nm and the supported graphene is 25.2 ± 2.4 nm. No clear size difference has been found between supported and suspended graphene flakes. In addition, their shapes are found in random form. It can also be seen that the silver nanoparticles deposited on the suspended and supported graphenes are in indistinguishable shape. Silver nanoparticles are therefore not contributing to any SERS variation. Figure 2 SEM images. (a) Supported and suspended graphenes which was identified as monolayer graphene. (b) Suspended graphene. (c) Supported graphene According to previous work, the peak positions and I 2D/I G ratios of G and 2D bands were important indicators of doping effect on graphene [35–40], in which the I 2D/I G ratio is particularly more sensitive than the peak shifts to the doping effect. A lower I 2D/I G ratio is related to more charged impurities in graphene. The Raman and SERS signals of the suspended and the supported graphenes are shown in Figure 3a, b, c, d. The
peak positions of G and 2D bands are presented EX 527 purchase in Figure 3a, b. Both the peak positions of G and 2D bands are indistinguishable between the suspended and supported graphenes, which reveals the difference Interleukin-2 receptor in substrates which
do not affect the graphene emission spectra. The G peak position of suspended and supported graphenes under Raman signals is both upshifted with respect to SERS signals, while the 2D peak under Raman signals is both downshifted with respect to SERS signals. According to previous work [35–37, 39], the upshifting of G peak and the downshifting of 2D peak is caused by n-doping, as the silver nanoparticles were depositing on the graphene. The experimental results of this work have had a significant agreement with the previous research. Figure 3 Peak positions. (a) G band and (b) 2D band of suspended and supported graphenes with Raman and SERS signals. (c) I 2D/I G ratios of suspended and supported graphenes with Raman and SERS signals. (d) Enhancements of G and 2D bands of suspended and supported graphenes. In order to minimize the random errors, each Raman spectra data point was obtained by five-time repetitions. As presented in Figure 3c, the I 2D/I G ratio of suspended graphene under Raman signals is 4.1 ± 0.1 and larger than supported graphene which is 3.6 ± 0.5, while the I 2D/I G ratio of suspended graphene on the SERS signals is around 2.9 ± 0.1 and smaller than supported graphene which is 3.0 ± 0.2. The result disclosed the substrate effect on the supported graphene is stronger than the suspended graphene.