Whilst the current evidence base for increased Ca2+ ion sensitivity in muscle fibres
is restricted to in vitro work, it would be of interest to examine a possible effect in vivo. The contribution of carnosine to intracellular buffering 17DMAG during isometric exercise might be related to the recruitment pattern of muscle fibres, since different concentrations of carnosine are reported in type I and II fibres [33, 34]. Beltman et al.  showed that, after seven intermittent 1 s contractions, fibre type activation at 39% MVIC differed between fibres types. Type I and IIa fibres were recruited at 39% MVIC, whereas type IIx fibres were only recruited at 87% MVIC. Progressive shifts in phosphorylcreatine/creatine from low to high percentages of MVIC were greater in type I fibres compared to type IIa fibres, which in turn, were greater than in type IIx fibres, suggesting a progressive activation or rate coding of fibres C188-9 chemical structure . However, this
study did not examine fibre recruitment in contractions sustained to fatigue by which point, most likely, all fibre types would have been recruited. SCH772984 cost Of relevance to the issue of fibre involvement, we have previously shown that β-alanine supplementation increases carnosine to an equal extent in both type I and II muscle fibres in m. vastus lateralis[16, 36]. In conclusion, four weeks of β-alanine supplementation at 6.4 g·d-1 improves endurance capacity of the knee extensors at 45% MVIC, which most likely results from improved pH regulation within the muscle cell as a result of elevated muscle carnosine levels. References 1. Hultman E, Sahlin K: Acid–base balance during exercise. Exerc
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