At 14, 16, 18, 20

At 14, 16, 18, 20 Dibutyryl-cAMP molecular weight and 22 days after the injection of cells, viruses were administered through intravenous injection at the dose of 2 × 108 pfu (CNHK600-EGFP and CNHK600-IL24 middle). The doses for CNHK600-IL24 low and high group were 1× 108 and 4× 108 pfu respectively. Luminescent images were visualized every week (A), Photon counts (B) and tumor volume (C) were also measured. Mice were sacrificed and tumor weight was measured on day 42 (D). Mouse serum was collected on day 42 after orthotopic tumor cell inoculation. IL24 level was measured

by ELISA (E) and serum ALT level was also quantified (F) (N = 5 for each group). Mice were sacrificed after anesthesia on day 42, and the tumors were separated and weighed (Figure 4D). In CNHK600-EGFP group, the tumor inhibition rate was 21.49%, and the tumor inhibition rates of the CNHK600-IL24 low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose groups reached 36.91%, 42.98% and 49.86%, respectively (P < 0.05, EGFP group vs. IL24 high-dose group student’s t-test). In addition, we assessed the check details level of secreted IL24 in mouse serum. As shown in Figure 4E, injection of CNHK600-IL24 in all three dosage schemes caused significant elevation of serum IL24 compared with control group(p < 0.05

in low dose, p < 0.01 in middle and high dose) which was further confirmed by immunohistochemical staining (see below). To examine potential side-effects caused by CH5183284 adenovirus infection, we measured serum ALT levels after treatment. A slight elevation in ALT indicated that our tumor specific adenovirus did not cause pronounced liver toxicity (Figure 4F). HE staining revealed apparent tumor necrosis in CNHK600-IL24 treatment group (Figure 5A, B). Immunohistochemical assays showed that the expression of IL-24 protein and the adenovirus

capsid protein hexon were positive in the CNHK600-IL24 treatment group but negative in the control group (Figure 5C, D, E, F). TUNEL assay was utilized to measure apoptosis in tumors. As shown in Figure 5G, 5H, the level of apoptosis Teicoplanin in the CNHK600-IL24 treated tumors was significant, whereas the level of apoptosis in the control group was negligible. Figure 5 Histopathology and immunohistochemistry of tumor tissues with CNHK600-IL24 treatment. HE staining of tumor tissue in the control group (A) and in CNHK600-IL24 treatment group (B) was visualized. The expression of adenovirus hexon protein (C, D) and IL-24 (E, F) were monitored by immunohistochemistry. Breast tumor cell apoptosis were measured by TUNEL assay (G, H). We next examined whether CNHK600-IL24 can effectively reduce breast tumor metastasis in a tail vein injection model in nude mice. As shown in the Kaplan-Meier plot (Figure 6A), the median survival in the control group was 30.5 days, whereas injection of the oncolytic adenovirus significantly prolong the survival time (CNHK600-EGFP, 41 day, p < 0.05 and CNHK600-IL24, 55 days, p < 0.01, Mantal-Cox test).

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