Under these conditions, E. meliloti 1021 cells consumed
the oxygen present BIBW2992 research buy in the atmosphere after Ricolinostat molecular weight incubation for 6 h and reached anoxic conditions (Figure 1A, insert). Similar oxygen consumption rates were observed for strain 2011 and the napA, nirK, norC and nosZ mutants (data not shown). Confirming the previous results , E. meliloti 1021 exhibited a cell density of approximately 1 after 48 h of incubation in MMN (Figure 1A). A similar growth rate was observed after incubation of the wild-type strain 2011 (data not shown). As shown in Figure 1A, the napA, nirK and norC mutant strains exhibited growth defects compared with the WT cells, reaching a turbidity of approximately 0.6, 0.7 and 0.35, respectively, after incubation in MMN for 48 h (Figure 1A). E. meliloti nosZ mutant cells demonstrated similar growth to WT cells (Figure 1A), suggesting that nosZ was not essential for growth under these conditions. As previously reported for E. meliloti 1021 , none of the E. meliloti denitrification mutants were able to grow in MMN when they were subjected to anoxic conditions starting at the beginning of the incubation period (data not shown). As shown in Figure 1B, after incubation in MMN with an initial O2 concentration of
2%, nitrite was not observed in the growth medium of napA. However, in the nirK mutant, the nitrite concentration increased over the course of the incubation period, reaching a final concentration of 8.3 mM. The WT strains demonstrated AZD1390 cell line a similar rate of nitrite accumulation during the first 48 h; however, this
nitrite was depleted over the subsequent 70 h of incubation (Figure 1B). Table 1 Bacterial strains Strain Relevant characteristics Reference Ensifer meliloti 1021 Wild type; Smr Meade et al., 1982  2011 Wild type Casse et al., 1979  2011mTn5STM.3.02.F08 napA::mini-Tn5 Smr, Kmr Pobigaylo et al., 2006  2011mTn5STM.3.13.D09 napC::mini-Tn5; Smr, Kmr Pobigaylo et al., 2011mTn5STM.1.13.B08 nirK::mini-Tn5; Smr, Kmr Pobigaylo et al., SmPl.1021.G1PELR32E8 norC::Pl.G1PELR32E8; Smr, Kmr Becker et al., 2009  2011mTn5STM.5.07.B03 nosZ::mini-Tn5; Smr, Kmr Pobigaylo et al.,  Figure 1 Growth of E. meliloti strains with nitrate. (A) Growth of E. meliloti 1021 (▲) and the napA (■), nirK (●), norC (♦) and nosZ (*) mutant strains Lumacaftor molecular weight in MMN under 2% initial O2 conditions. The oxygen consumption by the WT cells is also shown (insert). (B) The extracellular nitrite concentrations of E. meliloti 1021 (▲), napA (■) and nirK (●) mutant strains. Representative curves of three independent experiments run in triplicate are shown. E. meliloti napA, nirK, norC and nosZ genes encode functional reductases The functions of the E. meliloti denitrification genes were also investigated by analysing the activities of the denitrification enzymes in WT and napA, nirK, norC and nosZ mutants incubated under oxygen-limiting conditions.