To the best of our knowledge, few studies have investigated the neural responses
to visual stimuli of food in the state of conscious suppression of motivation to eat by assessing electric or magnetic signal changes, and their association with the intensity of subjective motivation to eat. It is expected that elucidation Vorinostat chemical structure of the mechanism of suppression of the motivation to eat will facilitate the development of objective tools for assessment and therapeutic strategies for various eating disorders characterized by irresistible impulse of motivation to eat. In the present study, brain activities were measured using MEG in fasting individuals in response to the presentation of food pictures in the following two settings: (1) when one authentically expresses one’s own motivation to eat the food (motivation sessions), and (2) when one sets one’s intention that one must not eat the food (suppression sessions). The brain areas related to the suppression of appetitive motivation were determined by comparing MEG responses between these two sessions using the time–frequency analyses. In addition, to support the MEG data, correlation analyses were performed between the MEG responses and the subjective
scores of motivation to this website eat during the MEG recordings. Before the MEG recordings, all participants rated their subjective level of hunger as almost excessive [1.9±0.3 (mean±SD) on a 5-point Likert-type scale]. The number of items for which participants reported having motivation to eat among 10 food items was 8.4±1.8 (mean±SD) during the motivation session, whereas the number of items for which the motivation to eat was suppressed was 9.3±1.4 (mean±SD) during the suppression session. These results indicate that participants were hungry and that they successfully experienced
the motivation to eat and its suppression. In order to identify the brain regions specifically related to the subjective Depsipeptide nmr levels of suppression of appetitive motivation during the MEG recordings, correlation analyses were performed. The higher level of β-band (13–25 Hz) event-related synchronization (ERS) of the suppression sessions relative to the motivation sessions was identified 200–300 ms after the start of food picture presentation in the left precentral gyrus [Brodmann's area (BA) 6] corresponding to the supplementary motor area (SMA) ( Fig. 1A). The β-band ERS in the SMA was negatively correlated with the number of food items for which the participants had motivation to eat ( Fig. 1B; P=0.041). In contrast, higher level of θ-band (4–8 Hz) event-related desynchronization (ERD) during the suppression sessions relative to the motivation sessions was identified 500–600 ms after the start of food picture presentation in the left inferior frontal gyrus (BA 46) corresponding to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) ( Fig. 2A).