Access through a 9-French sheath was necessary to introduce the A

Access through a 9-French sheath was necessary to introduce the Amplatzer Vascular III plug. Three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (3D-TEE) was used to guide the operator and evaluate the severity of regurgitation postimplantation. Results: In total seven consecutive patients (mean age 72.8 +/- 5.6 years, 86% male) with a history of mitral valve (n = 6) or aortic valve GSK3326595 purchase replacement and severe PVL, underwent transapical PVL reduction using seven plugs in total (diameter 10-14 mm). Preprocedural median logistic

EuroSCORE was 28.5% (range 17.1-41.1%) and NYHA functional class was >= 3 in all patients. The procedure was successful in all patients, with a median fluoroscopic time of 18.7 min (range 10.1-29.6 min). Postprocedure 3D-TEE showed occlusion of PVL in three patients, and significant reduction in three patients. Postprocedural

complication was a hematothorax requiring surgery in one patient. Median hospitalization duration find more after the procedure was 5 days (range 5-59 days). At 3-month follow-up one patient died, functional class and LDH did not differ significantly and there was a significant increase in hemoglobin. Conclusions: Transapical paravalvular leak reduction might be a good or rather attractive alternative in high-risk patients for major re-do cardiac surgery. (C) 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.”
“Cerebral venous and sinus thrombosis is a still underdiagnosed cause of stroke, with an incidence of about 2.8 events per 100,000 person-years in young women and about 1.3 events per 100,000 person-years in the general population. Puerperium, oral hormonal contraception, and

coagulation disorders remain the most frequently identified risk factors. Initial treatment with heparin is the only proven therapy, although the evidence is based on only two randomized placebo-controlled trials which together included 79 patients. In the case of clinical deterioration under anticoagulation, local thrombolysis and mechanical thrombectomy may be considered, but clinical efficacy is supported only by case reports. Patients with imminent lateral herniation due to large hemorrhagic infarctions should be treated with prompt surgical decompression. Following the acute phase, oral anticoagulation is recommended for 312 months, and only patients suffering from GW786034 order a severe coagulopathy or with recurrent cerebral venous and sinus thrombosis should be considered for long-term anticoagulation. Only insufficient experience is available for novel anticoagulants such as thrombin inhibitors or factor Xa antagonists.”
“Phenylthiocarbamide (PTC) taste sensitivity is an inherited trait determined primarily by allelic variation of the taste-receptor gene TAS2R38 on chromosome 7q. Results of prior studies examining the ability to taste PTC in patients with schizophrenia have been mixed because of the difficulties in measuring PTC taste sensitivity behaviorally.

8 months, revealed that all nails had good esthetic and functiona

8 months, revealed that all nails had good esthetic and functional results. All experienced amelioration of nail abnormalities. The “onion” advancement flap had effectively released the scar contracture around the nail fold and simultaneously restored the eponychial fold.\n\nCONCLUSIONS: The “onion” flap technique provides superior results compared with those from conventional techniques. We recommend it as the mainstay of treatment for reconstruction of the postburn eponychial deformities. (J Trauma. 2012;72: 1424-1428. Copyright (C) 2012 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins)”
“Background: Metabolic syndrome

is find more a constellation of risk factors used to identify individuals at greatest risk for developing cardiovascular disease (CVD). Early diagnosis of CVD would benefit African-Americans (AA), who have a higher prevalence of and mortality rate from CVD compared to Caucasians (CA). Two definitions for metabolic syndrome were used to classify healthy CA and AA, and evaluate how other CVD risk factors [C-reactive protein (CRP), percent body fat, fitness level, insulin

resistance, and non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C)] changed metabolic syndrome classification.\n\nMethods: Healthy AA (n = 97) and CA (n = 51) ranging from normal weight to obese, 18-45 years of age, with neither hypertension nor diabetes, were evaluated for cardiorespiratory fitness, height, weight, percent body fat, hip and waist circumference, blood pressure (BP), and fasting blood glucose, insulin, triglycerides, HDL, non-HDL-C, and CRP. Participants were classified as meeting the criteria for metabolic syndrome according to the National

Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III 2004 (NCEP ATP III) and the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) definitions.\n\nResults: Significant ethnic differences (P < 0.01) in classification were noted for both metabolic syndrome definitions (NCEP ATP III, CA = 16.7% vs. AA = 5.7%; IDF, CA = 23.5% vs. AA = 8.2%). Ethnic differences were eliminated when fitness Nutlin-3 chemical structure level or percent body fat was included as a criterion.\n\nConclusions: If diagnosis of metabolic syndrome is intended for early recognition of CVD risk and slowing CVD development, current definitions for metabolic syndrome will not capture healthy AA. Health-care providers may consider assessing percent body fat and participation in regular exercise, because these criteria would help identify AA at risk.”
“Objective: In neonatal and infant cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), hemodilution with reduction of plasma albumin concentration and low colloid oncotic pressure (COP) are the main factors associated with tissue edema and postoperative weight gain. The aim of our study was to evaluate the influence of two different COP regulatory strategies on post-bypass body weight gain, fluid balance, and clinical outcomes.

Burning tests showed flaming and smoldering stages were significa

Burning tests showed flaming and smoldering stages were significantly longer in 20% moisture treatment (P smaller than 0.05) compared with the rest. The amount of burned straw and ashes decreased

with increasing straw moisture content (P smaller than 0.001). Carbon dioxide was the main product obtained during combustion with emission values ranging from 692 g CO2 kg dry straw(-1) (10% moisture content) to 835 g CO2 kg dry straw(-1) Z-IETD-FMK molecular weight (20% moisture content). Emission factors for PM were the highest in 20% moisture treatment (P smaller than 0.005). Fine PM (PM2.5) accounted for more than 60% of total PM mass. Emission factors for dioxins increased with straw moisture content, being the highest in 20% moisture treatment, although showing a wide variability among burning tests (P bigger than 0.05). Emissions factors for heavy metals were low and similar among moisture treatments (P bigger than 0.05). Emission factors for individual PAHs were generally higher in 20% moisture treatment. Overall, emission factors of atmospheric pollutants measured in our study were higher in the 20% moisture content. This difference could be attributed to the incomplete Selleckchem Wnt inhibitor combustion at higher levels of rice straw moisture content. According to our results, rice straw burning should be done after straw

drying and under minimal moisture conditions to lower pollutant emission levels. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“The analytical gradient for the two-component Normalized Elimination of the Small Component (2c-NESC) method is presented. The 2c-NESC is a Dirac-exact method that employs the exact two-component one-electron Hamiltonian and thus leads to exact Dirac spin-orbit (SO) splittings for one-electron atoms. For many-electron atoms and molecules, the effect of the two-electron SO interaction is modeled by a screened nucleus potential using

effective nuclear charges as proposed by Boettger [Phys. Rev. B 62, 7809 (2000)]. The effect of spin-orbit Ulixertinib molecular weight coupling (SOC) on molecular geometries is analyzed utilizing the properties of the frontier orbitals and calculated SO couplings. It is shown that bond lengths can either be lengthened or shortened under the impact of SOC where in the first case the influence of low lying excited states with occupied antibonding orbitals plays a role and in the second case the j j-coupling between occupied antibonding and unoccupied bonding orbitals dominates. In general, the effect of SOC on bond lengths is relatively small ( smaller than = 5% of the scalar relativistic changes in the bond length). However, large effects are found for van der Waals complexes Hg-2 and Cn(2), which are due to the admixture of more bonding character to the highest occupied spinors. (C) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC.”
“A multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli isolate recovered in Australia produced a carbapenem-hydrolyzing beta-lactamase.

A new (G)gamma-globin variant was detected, namely (G)gamma 105(G

A new (G)gamma-globin variant was detected, namely (G)gamma 105(G7)Leu -> His; HBG2: c.317T>A, that we named Hb F-Brugine/Feldkirch after the place of origin of the two families. This T to A conversion results in a leucine

click here to histidine amino acid change at codon 105 of the (G)gamma-globin gene and caused a Hb variant with lowered oxygen affinity. The gamma to beta switch proceeded normally.”
“Background: The rubber tree, Hevea brasiliensis, is a species native to the Brazilian Amazon region and it supplies almost all the world’s natural rubber, a strategic raw material for a variety of products. One of the major challenges for developing rubber tree plantations is adapting the plant to biotic and abiotic stress. Transcriptome analysis is one of the main approaches for identifying the complete set of active genes in a cell or tissue for a specific developmental stage or physiological condition. Results: Here, we report on the sequencing, assembling, annotation this website and screening for molecular markers from a pool of H. brasiliensis tissues. A total of 17,166 contigs were successfully annotated. Then, 2,191 Single Nucleotide Variation (SNV) and 1.397 Simple Sequence Repeat (SSR) loci were discriminated from the sequences.

From 306 putative, mainly non-synonymous SNVs located in CDS sequences, 191 were checked for their ability to characterize 23 Hevea genotypes by an allele-specific amplification technology. For 172 (90%), the nucleotide variation at the predicted genomic location was confirmed, thus validating the different steps from sequencing to the in silico detection of the SNVs. Conclusions This is the first study of the H. brasiliensis transcriptome, covering a wide range of tissues and organs, leading to the production of the first developed SNP markers. This process could be amplified to a larger set of in silico detected SNVs in expressed genes in order to increase the marker density in available and future genetic maps. The results obtained in this study will contribute to the H. brasiliensis genetic breeding program focused on improving of disease Bucladesine datasheet resistance and latex yield.”

In patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), local tumor outgrowth (LTO) after invasive procedures is a well-known complication. Currently, no biomarker is available to predict the occurrence of LTO. This study aims to investigate whether the tumor macrophage infiltration and phenotype of and/or the infiltration of CD8(+) T-cells predicts LTO. Materials and methods: Ten mesothelioma patients who developed LTO were clinically and pathologically matched with 10 non-LTO mesothelioma patients. Immunohistochemistry was performed on diagnostic biopsies to determine the total TAM (CD68), the M2 TAM (CD163) and CD8(+) T-cell count (CD8). Results: The mean M2/total TAM ratio differed between the two groups: 0.90 +/- 0.09 in the LTO group versus 0.

“This paper presents an algebraic reconstruction

“This paper presents an algebraic reconstruction VX-809 order method for dipole-quadrupole sources using magnetoencephalography data. Compared to the conventional methods with the equivalent current dipoles source model, our method can more accurately reconstruct two close, oppositely directed sources. Numerical simulations show that two sources on both sides of the longitudinal fissure of cerebrum are stably estimated. The method is verified using a quadrupolar source phantom, which is composed of two isosceles-triangle-coils with parallel bases. (C) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC.”
“Background/Aim: Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and protein induced by vitamin K absence or antagonist-II (PIVKA-II) are most widely used tumor markers in detecting

hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Recently, there have been some studies about them as prognostic markers in hepatitis C virus-associated HCC. However, prognostic values of AFP and PIVKA-II remain clarified in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated HCC. This study was aimed to evaluate the prognostic values of AFP and PIVKA-II in HBV-associated HCC.\n\nMethods: Patients (n = 126) were divided into 4 groups according to median levels of AFP and PIVKA-II (L; low/low, A; high/low, P; low/high, H; high/high) at diagnosis. Clinical characteristics and survival were compared among the groups, and Cox regression

analysis was performed to find independent factors Staurosporine cost for survival.\n\nResults: Baseline host and viral factors were

not significantly different among the 4 groups. High PIVKA-II groups (P and II) had more aggressive tumor characteristics (larger size of tumors, higher number of tumors, frequent portal vein thrombosis, P < 0.05) and much shorter median survival time than low PIVKA-II groups (L and A) (P < 0.05). In multivariate analysis, high PIVKA-II level was an independent predictor for survival (risk ration: 2.377, 95% confidence interval: 1.359-4.157 P = 0.002) together with Child-Pugh score, advanced TMN stages, and treatment modality. Even after excluding 33 patients who had Child-Pugh class C and advanced tumor stages (tumor-nodes-metastasis stage III-IV) at diagnosis, this website high PIVKA-II level was still an independent predictor for survival (risk ration: 4.258, 95% confidence interval: 2.418-8.445, P < 0.001).\n\nConclusions: Serum PIVKA-II level, not serum AFP. was a valuable independent prognostic factor in HBV-related HCC.”
“Background Nowadays, increasingly more preemptive analgesia studies focus on post-operative pain; however, the impact of preemptive analgesia on perioperative opioid requirement is not well defined. This study was carried out in order to evaluate whether preoperative intravenous flurbiprofen axetil can reduce perioperative opioid consump-tion and provide postoperative analgesia in patients undergoing thyroid gland surgery.\n\nMethods Ninety patients undergoing elective thyroid gland surgery were randomly as-signed to three groups.

In addition, these agents induce DNA interstrand cross-linking an

In addition, these agents induce DNA interstrand cross-linking and substantial G2/M phase arrest in human non-small lung carcinoma H1299 cells. The current studies suggested that these agents are promising candidates for preclinical studies. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Smith AE, Sale MV, Higgins RD, Wittert GA, Pitcher JB. Male human motor cortex stimulus-response characteristics are not altered by aging. J Appl Physiol 110: 206-212, 2011. First published November 11, 2010; doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.00403.2010.-Evidence

suggests that there are aging-related changes in corticospinal stimulus-response curve characteristics in later life. However, there is also limited evidence that these changes may only be evident in postmenopausal women and not in men. This study compared corticospinal stimulus-response curves from a group of young men [19.8 +/- 1.6 yr (range 17-23 yr)] and a group of old men [n = 18, aged 64.1 +/- 5.0 yr (range 55-73 yr)]. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) over the contralateral motor cortex was used to evoke motor potentials at a range of stimulus intensities in the first dorsal interosseous muscle of each hand separately. There was no effect of age group or hemisphere (i.e., left vs. right motor cortex) on motor evoked potential (MEP) amplitude or any other stimulus-response

characteristic. MEP variability was strongly modulated by resting motor threshold but not by age. M-wave (but not F-wave) amplitude was reduced in old men, but

expressing MEP amplitude as a ratio of M-wave amplitude did not reveal any age-related differences Z-VAD-FMK in cortically evoked stimulus-response characteristics. We conclude that male corticospinal stimulus-response characteristics are not altered by advancing age and that previously reported age-related changes in motor cortical excitability assessed with TMS are likely due to changes inherent in the female participants only. Future studies are warranted to fully elucidate the relationship between, and functional significance of, changes in circulating neuroactive sex hormones Cyclosporin A cell line and motor function in later life.”
“Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is the essential infectious agent of postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS). In the present study, we obtained sequences of 31 PCV2 isolates from different farms of 11 provinces of eastern China and analyzed the genetic characterization of 136 eastern China-derivate PCV2 isolated during 2001-2009. The results showed that these PCV2 isolates could be divided into two groups, PCV2b (108 of 1A/1B, 19 of 1C) and PCV2a (1 of 2A, 2 of 2D, 6 of 2E). Among the 9 PCV2a isolates, eight were found before the year 2005. Meanwhile, three major heterogenic regions were observed in amino acid positions 53-91, 121-151, and 190-210; a few specific substitution patterns were found in each subgroup and several variant or conserved epitopes were also observed in the Cap protein.

Isolation among remnant, or newly created wetlands and ponds,

\n\nIsolation among remnant, or newly created wetlands and ponds, and their consequent density in the landscape, is a key factor that can influence a variety of food web processes, including effects on mosquitoes which are important prey to many predators.\n\nWe assess the impact of habitat isolation on the density of pond-breeding mosquitoes (several Anopheles and Culex species) both directly and indirectly through the food web.\n\nResults from structural equation modelling of survey data shows that larval mosquitoes are denser in ponds that are more isolated from one Elafibranor purchase another, and that this result was primarily driven indirectly by

a reduction of larval mosquito P5091 in vitro predators (e.g. predaceous insects and amphibians). Furthermore, results from a long-term mesocosm experiment factorially manipulating isolation and predator reduction

show that the effect of isolation on mosquito density was eliminated when predators were experimentally reduced.\n\nIt is concluded that metacommunity processes, both directly and indirectly mediated through predators, can play an important role in the local abundance of wetland breeding mosquitoes and possibly the diseases they spread.”
“Background: We recently reported a grading system for surgical complications. This system proved to have a high sensitivity for recording minor but meaningful complications prolonging hospital stay in patients after colorectal surgery. We aimed to prospectively validate the complication grading system JQ1 clinical trial in a general surgery department over 1 year. Methods: All surgical procedures and related complications were prospectively recorded between January 1st and December 31st, 2009. Surgical complications were graded on a severity scale of 1-5. The system classifies short- term outcome by grade emphasizing intensity of therapy required for treatment of the defined

complication. Results: During the study period, 2114 patients underwent surgery. Elective and oncological surgeries were performed in 1606 (76%) and 465 (22%) patients, respectively. There were 422 surgical complications in 304 (14%) patients (Grade 1/2: 203 [67%]; Grade 3/4: 90 [29%]; Grade 5: 11 [4%]). Median length of stay correlated significantly with complication severity: 2.3 d for no complication, 6.2 and 11.8 d for Grades 1/2 and 3/4, respectively (P smaller than 0.001). Older age (OR 2.75, P smaller than 0.001), comorbidities (OR 1.44, P = 0.02), American Society of Anesthesiology score bigger than 2 (OR 2.07, P smaller than 0.001), contamination Grade (OR 1.85, P = 0.001), oncological (OR 2.82, P smaller than 0.001), open (OR 1.22, P = 0.03), prolonged bigger than 120 min (OR 2.08, P smaller than 0.001), and emergency surgery (OR 1.42, P = 0.02) independently predicted postoperative complications.

Methods: 95 patients were followed-up for 24-60 months Serial CT

Methods: 95 patients were followed-up for 24-60 months. Serial CTO measurements were performed every 3-6 months and correlated to clinical symptoms, lung function (FVC and DLco) and chest X-ray. In 38 patients clinical outcome status (COS) at 5 years was determined. Results: Initial CTO levels were significantly higher in patients with impaired FVC/DLco (p = 0.011 for both) but there was no correlation with standard chest X-ray stages. Patients with Loefgren’s syndrome had significantly lower initial and control CTO level compared to other patients (p = 0.011 and p = 0.001, respectively). At follow-up there was a positive correlation of CTO and deterioration of clinical symptoms (p smaller than 0.001), chest X-ray

BI 2536 mw (p smaller than 0.001) and FVC/DLco (p = 0.012 and p = 0.086, respectively). Control CTO levels were significantly lower in no disease groups versus minimal or persistent disease buy PR-171 group as defined by COS (p = 0.003 and p smaller than 0.001, respectively). At relapse CTO increased for 100% or more from baseline value in 12/14 patients. Conclusions: It was shown that CTO correlates with certain sarcoidosis phenotypes (Loefgren’s syndrome, COS) and that serial measurements of CTO correlate with clinical symptoms, chest radiographs and lung function.

(C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“It is known that initial loading curves of soft biological tissues are substantially different from subsequent loadings. The later loading curves are

generally used for assessing the mechanical properties of a tissue, and the first loading cycles, referred to as preconditioning, are omitted. However, slow viscoelastic phenomena related to fluid selleck products flow or collagen viscoelasticity are initiated during these first preconditioning loading cycles and may persist during the actual data collection. When these data are subsequently used for fitting of material properties, the viscoelastic phenomena that occurred during the initial cycles are not accounted for. The aim of the present study is to explore whether the above phenomena are significant for articular cartilage, by evaluating the effect of such time-dependent phenomena by means of computational modeling. Results show that under indentation, collagen viscoelasticity dominates the time-dependent behavior. Under UC, fluid-dependent effects are more important. Interestingly, viscoelastic and poroelastic effects may act in opposite directions and may cancel each other out in a stress-strain curve. Therefore, equilibrium may be apparent in a stress-strain relationship, even though internally the tissue is not in equilibrium. Also, the time-dependent effects of viscoelasticity and poroelasticity may reinforce each other, resulting in a sustained effect that lasts longer than suggested by their individual effects. Finally, the results illustrate that data collected from a mechanical test may depend on the preconditioning protocol.

2 to 15 2 hours daily For individual subjects, mean sleep disrup

2 to 15.2 hours daily. For individual subjects, mean sleep disruption, defined as the amount of brief arousals and postural changes during sleep events (eg, subject sitting up during the night), was as low as 5% and as high as 43% for the entire study period. The most common adverse event was minor skin irritation that occurred at the site of the wearable sensor in 5 subjects (18%), which did not lead to early discontinuation. No adverse events occurred due to the ingestion sensor. No subjects developed worsening of psychosis attributable to use of the DHFS. Of the 27 subjects who completed the study, 19 (70%) found the DHFS concept easy to understand, 21 (78%) said they would like to

receive reminders on their cell phone if they forgot to take their medications, and 24 (89%) thought the DHFS could be useful to them. Conclusions: The DHFS provided a novel means of confirming

selleck chemical medication ingestion and tracking selected physiologic parameters, and it was generally well tolerated by patients.”
“Worldwide, the application of a (gas/liquid) two-phase this website flow in membrane processes has received ample scientific deliberation because of its potential to reduce concentration polarization and membrane fouling, and therefore enhance membrane flux. Gas/liquid flows are now used to promote turbulence and instabilities inside membrane modules in various membrane processes such as microfiltration, ultrafiltration. nanofiltration, reverse osmosis, membrane distillation, eleclrodialysis, and membrane bioreactors. This paper provides a comprehensive and critical literature review of the state of the art in this research area. A total of 205 scientific papers published in peer reviewed journals from 1989 to 2013 were collected. The data in 195 of these papers (published up to 2011) were

compiled and analyzed. These data were analyzed and normalized based on gas and liquid superficial velocities, gas/liquid ratio and feed types, trans-membrane pressure and membrane module type in order to make a Mir comparison and identify general characteristics. The objective was to identify key factors in the application of two-phase flows in aqueous separation and purification processes, deliver new insights in how to optimize operations for implementation of this technology AG-120 in the industry, discuss the importance of energy saving, provide a brief overview of current commercial applications and suggest future directions for research. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“OBJECTIVE-The use of human fetal pancreatic tissue may provide a potential source of transplantable P-cells as a therapy for type I diabetes. Human fetal pancreas has a remarkable capacity to grow and differentiate in vivo and has been shown to reverse diabetes in rodents. However, it is known that human fetal pancreas obtained from the second trimester of gestation is immunogenic and is rejected after transplantation.

Results We find that (1) most treatments trialed in

Results. We find that (1) most treatments trialed in learn more vitro and in animal models have not yet resulted in obviously useful functional gains in patients; (2) most clinical trials of restorative treatments after stroke have been limited to small-scale studies; (3) patient recruitment for larger clinical trials is difficult; (4) the determinants of patient outcomes

and what patients want remain complex and ill-defined, so that basic scientists have no clear view of the clinical importance of the problems that they are addressing; (5) research in academic neuroscience centers is poorly integrated with practice in front-line hospitals and the community, where the majority of patients are treated; and (6) partnership with both industry stakeholders and patient pressure groups is poorly developed, at least in the United Kingdom where BTSA1 solubility dmso research in the translational restorative neurosciences in stroke depends on public sector research funds and private charities. Conclusions. We argue that interaction between patients, front-line clinicians, and clinical and basic scientists is essential so that they can explore their different priorities, skills, and concerns. These interactions can be facilitated by funding research consortia that include basic and clinical scientists, clinicians and patient/carer representatives with funds

targeted at those impairments that are major determinants of patient and carer outcomes. Consortia would be instrumental in developing a lexicon of common methods, standardized outcome measures, data sharing

and long-term goals. Interactions of this sort would create a research-friendly, rather than only target-led, culture in front-line stroke rehabilitation services.”
“Leucocytes recruitment to tissues is an essential part of the innate immune response and an unregulated process can result in tissue damage. Thus, leucocytes infiltration has CRT0066101 datasheet been implicated in the pathogenesis of acute laminitis. The objectives of this stud were to determine the effect of an antagonist for CXCR1/2, a chemokine receptor for neutrophils attraction on clinical signs and hematological parameters in horses given oligofructose to induce laminitis. Twelve horses were given oligofructose (10g/kg bw PO) in time 0 and divided into two groups: one treated (30mg/kg bw. ICXCR1/2 IV, times 6, 12, 18 e 24 h) and the other not treated. Cardiac and respiratory frequency, rectal temperature, mucous membrane colour, digital pulse, hoof sensitivity and Obel’s grade of lameness were recorded. Values for RBC, WBC and blood glucose, BUN, creatinin, ALT, AST, alkaline phosphatase, GGT, total bilirubin and serum protein concentrations were measured on times 0, 6, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48, 60 e 72 h. All the horses given oligofructose developed signs of endotoxemia like diarrhea, fever and leukocytosis and laminitis. Also, CXCR1/2 antagonist treatment did not cause any adverse effects.